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    .الله الوطن الأمير
     
    Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait

    Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaitball, officially the State of Kuwaitball, is a countryball in Asia. It is bordered by Iraq-icon.png Iraqball to the north and east, Saudi Arabia-icon.png Saudi Arabiaball to the south, and the Persian/Arabian Gulf to the west. The country is divided into 6 governorates, including its capital Kuwait-icon (division).png Kuwait Cityball located in the Kuwait-icon (division).png Al Asimah Governorateball, giving it a total area of about 17,818 km2, making it the 152nd largest country in the world. As of 2019, it has a population of about 4,420,110 inhabitants.

    As of 2020, The Human Development Index for Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait is now 0.806, ranked 64th in the world and 6th in the Arab League-icon.png Arab Leagueball. Kuwait is a member of OIC-icon.png OICball and Arab League-icon.png Arab Leagueball due to being a majority-Muslim country in the Arabian Peninsula. It also maintains membership in OPEC-icon.png OPECball due to its large oil exports, as well as the UN-icon.png UNball like almost every other country. National day was originally on 19 June, but in 1963 they changed to 25 February due to the extreme heat to the country. Liberation day is February 26 since they’re liberated in 1991. He is the laziest country in the Earth-icon.png world.

    History

    1521–1918: Founding

    In 1521, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was under Portuguese Empire-icon.png Portuguese control. In the late 16th century, Portuguese Empire-icon.png the Portuguese built a defensive settlement in Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. In 1613, Kuwait City was founded as a fishing village predominantly populated by fishermen. Administratively, it was a sheikhdom, ruled by local sheikhs from Bani Khalid clan. In 1682 or 1716, the Bani Utbah settled in Kuwait City, which at this time was still inhabited by fishermen and primarily functioned as a fishing village under Bani Khalid control. Sometime after the death of the Bani Khalid's leader Barrak Bin Urair and the fall of the Bani Khalid Emirate, the Utub were able to wrest control of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait as a result of successive matrimonial alliances.

    In the early eighteenth century, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait prospered as a maritime port city and rapidly became the principal commercial center for the transit of goods between Baghdad, East India Company-icon.png India, Muscat, and Arabian Peninsula. By the mid 1700s, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait had established itself as the major trading route from the Persian Gulf to Aleppo. During the Persian siege of Basra in 1775–79, Iraqi merchants took refuge in Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait and were partly instrumental in the expansion of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's boat-building and trading activities. As a result, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's maritime commerce boomed, as the Indian trade routes with Baghdad, Aleppo, Smyrna and Constantinople were diverted to Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait during this time. East India Company-icon.png The East India Company was diverted to Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait in 1792. East India Company-icon.png The East India Company secured the sea routes between Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait, East India Company-icon.png India and the east coasts of Africa. After the Zand-icon.png Persians withdrew from Basra in 1779, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait continued to attract trade away from Basra. The flight of many of Basra's leading merchants to Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait continued to play a significant role in Basra's commercial stagnation well into the 1850s.

    Instability in Basra helped foster economic prosperity in Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. In the late 18th century, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was a haven for Basra merchants fleeing Ottoman-icon.png Ottoman persecution. Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was the center of boat building in the Persian Gulf, its ships renowned throughout the Indian Ocean. Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaitis also developed a reputation as the best sailors in the Persian Gulf. In the 19th century, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait became significant in the horse trade, with regular shipments in sailing vessels. In the mid 19th century, it was estimated that Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait exported an average of 800 horses to British Raj-icon.png India annually.

    In the 1890s, threatened by the Ottoman-icon.png Ottoman Empire, ruler Sheikh Mubarak Al Sabah signed an agreement with the British Empire-icon.png British government in British Raj-icon.png India (subsequently known as the Anglo-Kuwaiti Agreement of 1899) making Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait a British protectorate. This gave British Empire-icon.png Britain exclusive access and trade with Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait, while denying Ottoman-icon.png Ottoman provinces to the north a port on the Persian Gulf. The Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Sheikhdom of Kuwait remained a British protectorate until 1961.

    During the reign of Mubarak, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was dubbed the "Marseilles of the Persian Gulf" because its economic vitality attracted a large variety of people. The population was cosmopolitan and ethnically diverse, including Arab League-icon.png Arabs, Iranic-icon.png Persians, 8-icon.png Africans, Jew-icon.png Jews and Armenia-icon.png Armenians. Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was known for its religious tolerance.

    In the first decades of the twentieth century, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait had a well-established elite: wealthy trading families linked by marriage and shared economic interests, long-settled and urban, most claiming descent from the original 30 Bani Utubi families. The wealthiest were merchants who acquired their wealth from long-distance commerce, shipbuilding and pearling. They were a cosmopolitan elite who traveled extensively to British Raj-icon.png India, Africa and Europe, and educated their sons abroad more than other Gulf Arab elite. Western visitors noted the Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti elite used European office systems, typewriters, and followed European culture with curiosity. The richest were involved in general trade. The Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti merchant families of Al-Ghanim and Al-Hamad were estimated to be worth millions before the 1940s.

    In the early 20th century, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait immensely declined in regional economic importance, mainly due to many trade blockades and the world economic depression. Before Mary Bruins Allison visited Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait in 1934, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait lost its prominence in long-distance trade. During World War I, the British Empire-icon.png British Empire imposed a trade blockade against Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait because Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's ruler at the time, Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah, supported the Ottoman Empire. The British Empire-icon.png British economic blockade heavily damaged Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's economy.

    1919–1945: After World War I

    In 1919, Sheikh Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah intended to build a commercial city in the south of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. This caused a diplomatic crisis with Nejd-icon.png Najd, but British Empire-icon.png Britain intervened, discouraging Sheikh Salim. In 1920, an attempt by the Ikhwan to build a stronghold in southern Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait led to the Battle of Hamdh. The Battle of Hamdh involved 2,000 Ikhwan fighters against 100 Kuwaiti cavalrymen and 200 Kuwaiti infantrymen. The battle lasted for six days and resulted in heavy but unknown casualties on both sides resulting in the victory of the Ikhwan forces and leading to the battle of Jahra around the Kuwait Red Fort. The Battle of Jahra happened as the result of the Battle of Hamdh. A force of three to four thousand Ikhwan, led by Faisal Al-Dawish, attacked the Red Fort at Al-Jahra, defended by fifteen hundred men. The fort was besieged and the Kuwaiti position precarious; had the fort fallen, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait would likely have been incorporated into Ibn Saud's empire. The Ikhwan attack repulsed for the while, negotiations began between Salim and Al-Dawish; the latter threatened another attack if the Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti forces did not surrender. The local merchant class convinced Salim to call in help from British Empire-icon.png British troops, who showed up with airplanes and three warships, ending the attacks. After the Battle of Jahra, Ibn Saud's warriors, the Ikhwan, demanded that Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait follows five rules: evict all the Shia-icon.png Shias, adopt the Ikhwan doctrine, label the Turkey-icon.png Turks "heretics", abolish smoking, munkar and prostitution, and destroy the American missionary hospital.

    The Kuwait–Najd War of 1919–20 erupted in the aftermath of World War I. The war occurred because Ibn Saud of Najd wanted to annex Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. The sharpened conflict between Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait and Nejd-icon.png Najd led to the death of hundreds of Kuwaitis. The war resulted in sporadic border clashes throughout 1919–1920.

    When Percy Cox was informed of the border clashes in Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait, he sent a letter to the Ruler of Arabistan Sheikh Khazʽal Ibn Jabir offering the Kuwaiti throne to either him or one of his heirs, knowing that Khaz'al would be a wiser ruler than the Al Sabah family. Khaz'al, who considered the Al Sabah as his own family, replied "Do you expect me to allow the stepping down of Al Mubarak from the throne of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait? Do you think I can accept this?" He then asked:

    ...even so, do you think that you have come to me with something new? Al Mubarak's position as ruler of Kuwait means that I am the true ruler of Kuwait. So there is no difference between myself and them, for they are like the dearest of my children and you are aware of this. Had someone else come to me with this offer, I would have complained about them to you. So how do you come to me with this offer when you are well aware that myself and Al Mubarak are one soul and one house, what affects them affects me, whether good or evil.

    Following the Kuwait–Najd War of 1919–20 , Ibn Saud imposed a trade blockade against Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait from the years 1923 until 1937. The goal of the Saudi economic and military attacks on Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was to annex as much of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's territory as possible. At the Uqair conference in 1922, the boundaries of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait and Nejd-icon.png Najd were set; as a result of British Empire-icon.png British interference, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait had no representative at the Uqair conference. After the Uqair conference, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was still subjected to a Saudi economic blockade and intermittent Saudi raiding.

    The Great Depression harmed Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's economy, starting in the late 1920s. International trading was one of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's main sources of income before oil. Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti merchants were mostly intermediary merchants. As a result of the decline of European demand for goods from British Raj-icon.png India and Africa, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's economy suffered. The decline in international trade resulted in an increase in gold smuggling by Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti ships to British Raj-icon.png India. Some Kuwaiti merchant families became rich from this smuggling. Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's pearl industry also collapsed as a result of the worldwide economic depression. At its height, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's pearl industry had led the world's luxury market, regularly sending out between 750 and 800 ships to meet the European elite's desire for pearls. During the economic depression, luxuries like pearls were in little demand. The Japanese-Empire.gif Japanese invention of cultured pearls also contributed to the collapse of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's pearl industry.

    In 1937, Freya Stark wrote about the extent of poverty in Kuwait at the time:

    Poverty has settled in Kuwait more heavily since my last visit five years ago, both by sea, where the pearl trade continues to decline, and by land, where the blockade established by Saudi Arabia now harms the merchants.

    Attempts by Faisal king of Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraq to build a railway to Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait and port facilities on the Gulf were rejected by British Empire-icon.png Britain. These and other similar British Empire-icon.png British colonial policies made Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait a focus of the Arab League-icon.png Arab national movement in Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraq, and a symbol of Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraq humiliation at the hands of the British Empire-icon.png British.

    Throughout the 1930s, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti people opposed the British Empire-icon.png British imposed separation of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait from Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraq. In 1938, the "Free Kuwaiti Movement" was established by Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti youth who opposed British Empire-icon.png British rule and submitted a petition requesting the Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraqi government reunifies Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait and Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraq. Due to fears of armed uprising in Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait, the Al Sabah agreed to the establishment of a legislative council to represent the "Free Kuwaiti Movement" demanding the reunification of Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraq and Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. The council's first meeting in 1938 resulted in unanimous resolutions demanding the reunification of Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait and Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraq.

    In March 1939, a popular armed uprising erupted within Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait to reunify with Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraq. The Al Sabah family, along with British Empire-icon.png British military support, violently put down the uprising, and killed and imprisoned its participants. King Ghazi of Kingdom of Iraq-icon.png Iraq publicly demanded the release of the Kuwaiti prisoners and warned the Al Sabah family to end the repression of the "Free Kuwaiti Movement".

    1946–1982: State-building

    Between 1946 and 1982, Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait experienced a period of prosperity driven by oil and its liberal atmosphere. In popular discourse, the years between 1946 and 1982 are referred to as the "Golden Era of Kuwait". In 1950, a major public-work programme began to enable Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaitis to enjoy a modern standard of living. By 1952, the country became the largest oil exporter in the Persian Gulf region. This massive growth attracted many foreign workers, especially from Kingdom of Hejaz-icon.png Palestine, India-icon.png India, and Kingdom of Egypt-icon.png Egypt – with the latter being particularly political within the context of the Arab Cold War.

    In June 1961, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait became independent with the end of the British Empire-icon.png British protectorate and the Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah became Emir of Kuwait. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's national day, however, is celebrated on 25 February, the anniversary of the coronation of Sheikh Abdullah (it was originally celebrated on 19 June, the date of independence, but concerns over the summer heat caused the government to move it). Under the terms of the newly drafted Constitution, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait held its first parliamentary elections in 1963. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was the first of the Arab states of the Persian Gulf to establish a constitution and parliament.

    Although Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait formally gained independence in 1961, Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraq initially refused to recognize the country's independence by maintaining that Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Kuwait is part of Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraq, albeit Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraq later briefly backed down following a show of force by British Empire-icon.png Britain and Arab League-icon.png Arab League support of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's independence. The short-lived Operation Vantage crisis evolved in July 1961, as the Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraqi government threatened to invade Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait and the invasion was finally averted following plans by the Arab League-icon.png Arab League to form an international Arab League-icon.png!Arab force against the potential Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraqi invasion of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. As a result of Operation Vantage, the Arab League-icon.png Arab League took over the border security of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait and the British Empire-icon.png British had withdrawn their forces by 19 October. Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraqi prime minister Abd al-Karim Qasim was killed in a coup in 1963 but, although Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraq recognised Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti independence and the military threat was perceived to be reduced, British Empire-icon.png Britian continued to monitor the situation and kept forces available to protect Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait until 1971. There had been no Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraqi military action against Kuwait at the time: this was attributed to the political and military situation within Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraq which continued to be unstable. A treaty of friendship between Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraq and Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was signed in 1963 by which Iraq-icon (1959-1963).png Iraq recognised the 1932 border of Kuwait. The Kuwait-Iraq 1973 Sanita border skirmish evolved on 20 March 1973, when Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqi army units occupied El-Samitah near the Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti border, which evoked an international crisis.

    On 6 February 1974, Palestine-icon.png Palestinian militants occupied the Japan-icon.png Japanese embassy in Kuwait, taking the ambassador and ten others hostage. The militants' motive was to support the Japan-icon.png Japanese Red Army members and Palestine-icon.png Palestinian militants who were holding hostages on a Singapore-icon.png Singaporean ferry in what is known as the Laju incident. Ultimately, the hostages were released, and the guerrillas allowed to fly to Aden. This was the first time Palestine-icon.png Palestinian guerrillas struck in Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait as the Al Sabah ruling family, headed by Sheikh Sabah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, funded the Palestine-icon.png Palestinian resistance movement. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait had been a regular endpoint for Palestine-icon.png Palestinian plane hijacking in the past and had considered itself safe.

    In the 1960s and 1970s, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was considered the most developed country in the region. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was the pioneer in the Middle East in diversifying its earnings away from oil exports. The Kuwait Investment Authority is the world's first sovereign wealth fund. From the 1970s onward, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait scored highest of all Arab countries on the Human Development Index. Kuwait University was established in 1966. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's theatre industry was well known throughout the Arab League-icon.png Arab world.

    In the 1960s and 1970s, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's press was described as one of the freest in the world. Kuwait was the pioneer in the literary renaissance in the Arab League-icon.png Arab region. In 1958, Al-Arabi magazine was first published. The magazine went on to become the most popular magazine in the Arab League-icon.png Arab world. Many Arab League-icon.png Arab writers moved to Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait because they enjoyed greater freedom of expression than elsewhere in the Arab League-icon.png Arab world. The Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqi poet Ahmed Matar left Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraq in the 1970s to take refuge in the more liberal environment of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait.

    Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti society embraced Blue-icon.png liberal and non-traditional attitudes throughout the 1960s and 1970s. For example, most Kuwaiti women did not wear the hijab in the 1960s and 70s.

    1982–present: Modern era

    In the early 1980s, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait experienced a major economic crisis after the Souk Al-Manakh stock market crash and decrease in oil price.

    During the Iran–Iraq War, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait supported Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraq. Throughout the 1980s, there were several terror attacks in Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait, including the 1983 Kuwait bombings, hijacking of several Kuwait Airways planes and the attempted assassination of Emir Jaber in 1985. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was a regional hub of science and technology in the 1960s and 1970s up until the early 1980s; the scientific research sector significantly suffered due to the terror attacks.

    After the Iran-Iraq War ended, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait declined an Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqi request to forgive its US$65 billion debt. An economic rivalry between the two countries ensued after Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait increased its oil production by 40 percent. Tensions between the two countries increased further in July 1990, after Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraq complained to OPEC-icon.png OPEC claiming that Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was stealing its oil from a field near the border by slant drilling of the Rumaila field.

    In August 1990, Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqi forces invaded and annexed Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. After a series of failed diplomatic negotiations, the USA-icon.png United States led a coalition to remove the Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqi forces from Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait, in what became known as the Gulf War. On 26 February 1991, the coalition succeeded in driving out the Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqi forces. As they retreated, Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqi forces carried out a scorched earth policy by setting oil wells on fire. During the Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqi occupation, more than 1,000 Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti civilians were killed. In addition, more than 600 Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaitis went missing during Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraq's occupation; remains of approximately 375 were found in mass graves in Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraq.

    In the early 1990s, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait expelled approximately 400,000 Palestine-icon.png Palestinian expats. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's policy was a response to alignment of Palestine-icon.png Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat-icon.png Yasser Arafat and the PLO-icon.png PLO with Saddam-icon.png Saddam Hussein. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait also deported thousands of Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqis and Yemen-icon.png Yemenis after the Gulf War.

    In addition, hundreds of thousands of stateless Blank-icon.png Bedoon were expelled from Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait in the early-to-mid 1990s. At the House of Commons of the British Empire-icon.png United Kingdom in 1995, it was announced that the Al Sabah ruling family deported 150,000 stateless Blank-icon.png Bedoon to refugee camps in the Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti desert near the Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraqi border with minimal water, insufficient food, and no basic shelter. The Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti authorities also threatened to murder the stateless Blank-icon.png Bedoon. As a result, many of the stateless Blank-icon.png Bedoon fled to Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraq where they still remain stateless people even today.

    At the time, Human Rights Watch reported the following:

    The totality of the treatment of the Bedoons amounts to a policy of denationalization of native residents, relegating them to an apartheid-like existence in their own country. The Kuwaiti government policy of harassment and intimidation of the Bedoons and of denying them the right to lawful residence, employment, travel and movement, contravene basic principles of human rights . . . Denial of citizenship to the Bedoons clearly violates international law . . .

    In March 2003, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait became the springboard for the USA-icon.png US-led invasion of Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Iraq. In 2005, women won the right to vote and run in elections. Upon the death of the Emir Jaber in January 2006, Sheikh Saad Al-Sabah succeeded him but was removed nine days later due to his ailing health. As a result, Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah was sworn in as Emir. From 2006 onwards, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait suffered from chronic political deadlock between the government and parliament which resulted in multiple cabinet reshuffles and dissolutions. This significantly hampered investment and economic reforms in Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait, making the country's economy much more dependent on oil.

    From 2006 to 2009, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the Arab League-icon.png Arab world. China-icon.png China awarded Kuwait Investment Authority an additional $700 million quota on top of $300 million awarded in March 2012. The quota is the highest to be granted by China-icon.png China to foreign investment entities. In 2014 and 2015, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was ranked first among Arab League-icon.png Arab countries in the Global Gender Gap Report.

    In March 2014, David S. Cohen, then Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, accused Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait of funding terrorism. Since the end of the Gulf War in 1991, accusations of Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait funding terrorism have been very common and come from a wide variety of sources including intelligence reports, Western government officials, scholarly research, and renowned journalists. From 2014 to 2015, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was frequently described as the world's biggest source of terrorism funding, particularly for ISIS-icon.png ISIS and Al-Qaeda-icon.png Al-Qaeda.

    On 26 June 2015, a suicide bombing took place at a Shia Muslim mosque in Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. The ISIS-icon.png Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed responsibility for the attack. Twenty-seven people were killed and 227 people were wounded. It was the largest terror attack in Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's history. In the aftermath, a lawsuit was filed accusing the Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaiti government of negligence and direct responsibility for the terror attack.

    Due to declining oil prices since the late 2010s, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait has been facing one of the worst economic crunches in the entire region. Historically, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's infrastructure projects market has underperformed its potential due to political deadlock between the government and parliament. Sabah Al Ahmad Sea City was inaugurated in mid-2016.

    In recent years, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait has invested significantly in its economic relations with China-icon.png China. China-icon.png China has been Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's largest trade partner since 2016. Under the Belt and Road Initiative, Kuwait and China-icon.png China have various cooperation projects including Al Mutlaa City which is currently under construction in northern Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. The Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah Causeway is part of the first phase of the Silk City project. The causeway was inaugurated in May 2019 as part of Kuwait Vision 2035, it connects Kuwait City to northern Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait. The Kuwait National Cultural District comprises the Sheikh Abdullah Al-Salem Cultural Centre, Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad Cultural Centre, Al Shaheed Park, and Al Salam Palace. In 2020, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's domestic travel and tourism spending was $6.1 billion.

    The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's economic crisis. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's economy faced a budget deficit of $46 billion in 2020. In September 2020, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait's Crown Prince Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah became the 16th Emir of Kuwait and the successor to Emir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, who died at the age of 91. In October 2020, Sheikh Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah was appointed as the Crown Prince. Since January 2021, Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait has been experiencing its worst political crisis in many decades. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait was downgraded by S&P Global Ratings two times in less than two years because of declining oil revenue and delayed fiscal reforms. Kuwait-icon.png Kuwait is facing a looming debt crisis according to various media sources.

    Flag Colors

    Main Colors

    Color Name RGB CMYK HEX
    Abbasid Black 0, 0, 0 C0-M0-Y0-K100 #000000
    Fatimid Green 0, 122, 61 C100-M0-Y50-K52 #007A3D
    Umayyad White 255, 255, 255 N/A #FFFFFF
    Hashemite Red 206, 17, 38 C0-M92-Y82-K19 #CE1126

    How to draw

    Drawing Kuwait-icon.png Kuwaitball is simple:

    1. Draw the basic circle shape
    2. Draw a black half-trapezoid-arrow from the left
    3. Divide the rest into three horizontal stripes
    4. Color them of green, white and red
    5. Draw the eyes and you've finished.

    Relationships

    Allies

    • Bangladesh-icon.png Bangladeshball - One of the most passive countries in South Asia! I feel sorry for your floods in Dhaka, I hope you get better soon!
    • Brunei-icon.png Bruneiball - Rich friend in Southeast Asia! Hope you do well on your tourism industry.
    • China-icon.png Chinaball - Another best friend, he is now responsible for helping me create "Kuwait Vision 2035". I also can into destroying Taiwan-icon.png Fake China in football.
    • Cyprus-icon.png Cyprusball - The only Greek country in the Middle East. You are welcome to join us!
    • Egypt-icon.png Egyptball - My Arab brother! You can come to my country at anytime for free monies.
    • Hezbollah-icon.png Hezbollahball - For sending aid to Lebanon-icon.png Lebanonball because his capital was bombed. And also for kicking the Israel-icon.png invader out from my way.
    • Iran-icon.png Iranball - He and I are getting along with each other, and we both have a lot of common Afghanistan-icon.png Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Israel-icon.png enemies. I also have a lot of Shia-icon.png Shia minorities which takes 39% of my Muslim population. Ya Ali! Ya Ali!
    • Iraq-icon.png Iraqball - My second best Arab brother, Our relationship has gotten better now. I can now forgive you. Past is our only enemy.
    • Ireland-icon.png Irelandball - The best European country ever! You are a Pro-Palestinan country, YOU LOVE THEM AND WE LOVE YOU TOO!!!
    • Japan-icon.png Japanball - Past is in the past and I will forgive you, because I love your anime and cars. And you're not as worse at these Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Dubai-icon.png morons.
    • Jordan-icon.png Jordanball - I actually like you, you have mourned my late Emir Sabah IV for 40 days and shown a lot of loyalty!
    • Lebanon-icon.png Lebanonball - I feel sorry for what happened to your capital, do not worry though because I will always support you whenever trouble comes.
    • Libya-icon.png Libyaball - You finished from war? That is awesome! I hope you are doing well soon! And I will supply you with money in case if you need it!
    • Saudi Arabia-icon (division).png Meccaball - لا اله الا الله محمد رسول الله, Inshaallah that I will visit there along with Saudi Arabia-icon (division).png Medinaball!
    • Miami-icon.png Miamiball - I am the Middle East version of him, you are a great inspiration for my beaches!
    • Oman-icon.png Omanball - My fellow Gulf brother. He is the only gulf country that I can always trust with. And you are like the Switzerland-icon.png Switzerlandball of the Middle East!
    • Pahlavi Iran-icon.png Pahlavi Iranball - I am not gonna lie, I miss you so much. You are the real reason why we are all living in happiness till the late 70s…
    • Palestine-icon.png Palestineball - Do not worry about anything, I hundred percent guaranteed will support you against this Israel-icon.png jerk.
    • Qatar-icon.png Qatarball - Another rich gulf brother. He actually is a really cool guy and does not fund terrorists like ISIS-icon.png ISISball! We also have the same economic problems.
    • Russia-icon.png Russiaball - I buy weapons from you, I love AK-47s plox gimme one for me! But seriously in fact one of the only gulf countries to support your Soviet-icon.png father during the Cold War, I thank him because he was our greatest asset against Israel-icon.png this Zionist!
    • Saudi Arabia-icon.png Saudi Arabiaball - My best Arab brother, here we also hate Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png bastard. Thank you so much for the liberation brother! I really like you!
    • Sheikhdom of Kuwait-icon.png Sheikhdom of Kuwaitball - The past Kuwait, I will miss my beautiful father… He has done so many good things in the Arabic world.
    • Somalia-icon.png Somaliaball - Fellow Afro-Arab brother. He likes me. He is also in a civil war in which I take his refugees in order to be safe. But to be honest I will try to improve relations with Ethiopia-icon.png Ethiopiaball.
    • South Korea-icon.png South Koreaball - You are one of the 35 countries to liberate me back in 1991, also please ignore that North Korea-icon.png nukehead, I hope you bring peace to this region, and I also enjoy your products. Also thank you so much for helping me build the longest bridge in Arabia!
    • Syria-icon.png Syriaball - With me you are safe at all costs, just until the war ends and soon you will enjoy your new life! Do not forget I have also supported you with supplies along with my Iraq-icon.png second best brother. You also supported the liberation of me, so your Ba'ath party is better than Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png his.
    • Singapore-icon.png Tringapore - They say that he is the best country in the Asia according to Human Development Index. Well when facts are facts! Proud that you also send LGBT-icon.png gays to jail.
    • Turkey-icon.png Turkeyball - I actually like him, I love his culture and thanks for condemning Israel-icon.png Israelcube 2021. Long live Erdogan-icon.png Erdogan!
    • UK-icon.png UKball - Best dad ever. Thanks for giving me independence!

    Complicated/Neutral

    • Bahrain-icon.png Bahrainball and UAE-icon.png UAEball - We are both rich brothers. But why are you supporting this Israel-icon.png jerk? Also stop taking all immigrants they may be criminals.
    • Ethiopia-icon.png Ethiopiaball and Philippines-icon.png Philippinesball - Because COVID-19 is coming to an end, We need to resolve our differences. I guarantee that I will change my attitude and treat you guys with respect! Also I have opened my airport incase that you guys can enjoy the opportunities that I have got to offer soon! But for those who got vaccinated once, I am really sorry to say but you have to stay at a hotel room for two weeks.
    • German Empire-icon.png German Empireball - We have not met a lot of times, I admire your glory and I would have sided with you in The Great War.
    • India-icon.png Indiaball and Pakistan-icon.png Pakistanball - I do not know what to say, but PLEASE for the love of Allah, stop fighting with each other!! We need to make love and peace! Not war!
    • Ottoman Empire-icon.png Ottoman Empireball - Mixed opinions, occupied me in 1871, but at least you are not as bad as those Nejd-icon.png Nejd-icon.png Wahhabist freaks who tried to invade me, so thanks for your protection and support. I also regretted invading you during The Great War. Because UK-icon.png dad lied to us about a united Arabia. I would have gained independence and supported German Empire-icon.png German Empireball.
    • Serbia-icon.png Serbiaball - We have the same currency which is the dinar of course, but stop hating on Turkey-icon.png kebab.
    • Soviet-icon.png Soviet Unionball - Our greatest asset during the Cold War, but stop killing people and being irreligious it’s not good for society. However thanks for helping us against Israel-icon.png Israelcube during the Six-Day War and Yom Kippur War. I just wish you would be back from the dead.
    • Sudan-icon.png Sudanball - The only True Sudan, go and occupy the South Sudan-icon.png imposter! Wait… WHY DO YOU NOW RECOGNIZE Israel-icon.png HIM??
    • Vietnam-icon.png Vietnamball - Complicated, he gives USA-icon.png Richie a lot of nightmare. However we are good in good terms, because we have similar conflicts and experiences of war crimes.
    • Yemen-icon.png Yemenball - Poor Arab brother, I feel bad that you are one of the least developed countries in this region. I hope you get better after the war, but stop hating on Iran-icon.png Saudi Arabia-icon.png my allies.

    Rivals

    • Afghanistan-icon.png Afghanistanball - Wow you won the war? Looks like you ARE STILL a disgrace to this Earth-icon.png planet. BECAUSE YOU ARE STILL A TERRORIST PIECE OF GARBAGE!!! I do not like Wahhabism-icon.png terrorism, back away mister!
    • Anti-Kuwait-icon.png Arab Spring - THIS IS THE WORST EVENT I HAVE EVER EXPERIENCED!! YOU GUYS ALSO RUINED MY TOURISM INDUSTRY!! YOU GUYS ARE REALLY WORSE THAN Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png HIM!!
    • Armenia-icon.png Armeniaball and Azerbaijan-icon.png Azerbaijanball - I do not entirely trust you both, Because you support Israel-icon.png Kosher. And you have caused enough violence!! Make peace for goodness sakes!!
    • Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Ba'athist Iraqball - YOU MORON YOU INVADED ME IN 1990?! WORST YEAR OF MY LIFE!!! YOU HAVE ANSCHLUSS ME!!! YOU EVEN MADE ME LOSE ALL MY REPUTATION, 1/4 OF MY POPULATION, AND MY INFRASTRUCTURE!!!
    • Bhutan-icon.png Bhutanball - I defeated you by 20-0, and I also hope China-icon.png True China will anschluss you! Also I used to think that you are the coolest monarchy in South Asia… But that explains why you are now recognizing this Israel-icon.png piece of garbage!!
    • CSA-icon.png CSAball - Bunch of racists, thank god USA-icon.png Richie destroyed you! Racism and slavery is of Haram!
    • Dubai-icon.png Dubaiball - You are the reason why I have the lowest HDI and the lowest tourism industry in the gulf!! If it was not for you, I would still have high HDI and more famous, INSTEAD YOU TOOK IT ALL AWAY FROM ME!! 'World Records'? More like 'Stolen Records'. Also you say being rich is a good thing? FUCK no! You pollute the ocean with man made islands, then you lie and steal someone else opportunity with intent! You are really worse than Ba'athist Iraq-icon.png Saddam.
    • Fiji-icon.png Fijiball - STOP THINKING YOUR LARGER THAN ME ITS THE WATER THAT MAKES YOU LARGER!!
    • France-icon.png Franceball - I am not sorry, if you hate Islam-icon.png Islam then they can into hating yuo too!! You also happen to have the worst Emmanuel Macron-icon.png President in France!!
    • Japanese-Empire.gif Japanese Empireball - YOU!! FIRST YOU HAVE RUINED MY PEARL INDUSTRY, NOW YOU HAVE NEARLY OCCUPIED MOST OF THE PACIFIC!!! I AM SO GLAD THAT Murica-icon.png RICHIE NUKED YOU TWICE!! SO YOU DON'T HAVE TO COME BACK FROM THE DEAD!!!
    • Myanmar-icon.png Myanmarball - OH I REALLY HAVE TO THINK TWICE, YOU DO NOT HAVE A SOUL! ALSO HOW DARE YOU KILL ALL Rohingya-icon.png ROHINGYAS??
    • North Korea-icon.png North Koreaball - Now we all know why I hate you, you are taking nukes too far and I am hoping that USA-icon.png Richie and South Korea-icon.png Korea anschluss you!!
    • South Sudan-icon.png South Sudanball - Oh plz shut up, I can see it in your eyes that you regret having independence. You definitely belong to my Sudan-icon.png brother.
    • Union of South Africa-icon.png Union of South Africaball - YOU DISGUST ME YA RACIST! YOU IS OF THE WORST AFRICAN COUNTRY!!! AND YOU BULLY 8-icon.png BLACKS FOR A LIVING?! I AM SO GLAD THAT YOUR South Africa-icon.png SON HAS OVERTHROWN YOU!!
    • Venezuela-icon.png Venezuelaball - STOP HARASSING MY OIL JUST BECAUSE YOU HAVE MORE OIL THAN ME EVEN USA-icon.png RICHIE HATES YOU!

    Districts

    Governorates

    • Kuwait-icon (division).png Ahmadiball - It was named after Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, 10th ruler of Kuwait.
    • Kuwait-icon (division).png Al-Asimahball - It houses most of Kuwait's financial and business centres such as the Kuwait Stock Exchange.
    • Kuwait-icon (division).png Farwaniyaball - It is the most populated governorate and is Kuwait's main residential area.
    • Kuwait-icon (division).png Hawalliball - It is the smallest and most densely populated governorate.
    • Kuwait-icon (division).png Jahraball - It is the largest governorate and contains the agricultural area.
    • Kuwait-icon (division).png Mubarak Al-Kabeerball - The newest governorate of Kuwait, founded in 1999 and the least populated governorate in Kuwait.

    Trivia

    • He's has one of the worst pandemics currently, (Yes I am talking about Influenza)
    • He's one of the only countries in the gulf where the law does not have a problem with women not wearing hijab.
    • His clay have the largest McDonald’s in the entire Middle East.
    • He is also famous for being the hub of all fast food (because they are the most obese country in the rich world).
    • His clay used to be named Miami of the Middle East.
    • He is also one of the laziest nations in the world.
    • Together with their brothers UAE-icon.png UAEball and Iraq-icon.png Iraqball are the three Arab countries that participated a single time in the FIFA World Cup.
    • Mishary Rashid was born in his clay.
    • He also has most valuable currency in the world (3.32 United States Dollar to 1 Kuwait Dinar).
    • In Arab League-icon.png Arabic language, their native name of the country (kūt) is a feminine noun. This explains why he was called a "fortress built near water" because it makes their Kuwait-icon (division).png Capital city in the near sea.
    • He got banned from the 2016 Olympics in Brazil-icon.png Brazilball.
    • People say that he has a rich music scene and makes it popular in Arab countries.
    • He used to have the highest HDI in any Arab country in between 2006-09, but UAE-icon.png UAEball took his place in 2010.
    • A huge city is proposed to be built in the northern side of the country (Kuwait Vision 2035).

    Gallery

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    Polandball Wiki has a gallery of artwork, comics, gifs and videos of Kuwaitball.

    Click here to see it.


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    Recent changes

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