History[edit | edit source]
Stone age Mozambiqueball[edit | edit source]
In 2007, dozens of 100,000-year-old stone tools were recovered from a deep limestone cave (Ngalue) near Lake Niassa in Mozambique showing that wild sorghum, the ancestor of the chief cereal consumed today in sub-Saharan Africa for flours, bread, porridges, and alcoholic beverages, was being consumed by Homo sapiens along with African wine palm, the false banana, pigeon peas, wild oranges, and the African "potato." This is the earliest direct evidence of humans using pre-domesticated cereals anywhere in the world.
Ancient history[edit | edit source]
The first inhabitants of what is now Mozambique were the San hunters and gatherers, ancestors of Khoisanball. Between the 1st and 5th centuries AD, waves of Bantuballs migrated from the north through the Zambezi River valley and then gradually into the plateau and coastal areas. The Bantuballs were farmers and ironworkers. From the late first millennium AD, vast Indian Ocean trade networks extended as far south into Mozambiqueball as evidenced by the ancient port town of Chibueneball. Beginning in the 9th century, a growing involvement in Indian Ocean trade led to the development of numerous port towns along the entire East African coast, including modern-day Mozambiqueball. Largely autonomous, these towns broadly participated in the incipient Swahili culture. Islam was often adopted by urban elites, facilitating trade. In Mozambique, Sofalaball, Angocheball, and Mozambique Islandball were regional powers by the 15th century. The towns traded with merchants from both the African interior and the broader Indian Ocean world. Inland states like the Kingdom of Zimbabweball and Kingdom of Mutapaball provided the coveted gold and ivory, which were then exchanged up the coast to larger port cities like Kilwaball and Mombasaball.
Intercultural contact[edit | edit source]
When Vasco da Gama reached the coast of Mozambiqueball, Arab trading settlements had existed along the coast and outlying islands for several centuries, and political control of the coast was in the hands of a string of local sultans. Muslims had actually lived in the region for quite some time; the famous Arab historian and geographer, Al-Masudi, reported Muslims amongst Africans in the land of Sofalaball in 947 (modern-day Mozambiqueball, itself a derivative of the name of the Arab Sheikh who ruled the area at the time when the Portuguese arrived, Mussa Bin Bique).
Portuguese Mozambiqueball (1498–1975)[edit | edit source]
From about 1500, Portuguese trading posts and forts displaced the Arabic commercial and military hegemony, becoming regular ports of call on the new European sea route to the east. The voyage of Vasco da Gama around the Cape of Good Hopeball in 1498 marked the Portuguese entry into trade, politics, and society of the region. Although Portuguese influence gradually expanded, its power was limited and exercised through individual settlers and officials who were granted extensive autonomy. The Portuguese were able to wrest much of the coastal trade from Arab Muslims between 1500 and 1700, but, with the Arab Muslim seizure of Portugal's key foothold at Fort Jesus on Mombasa Islandball (now in Kenyaball) in 1698, the pendulum began to swing in the other direction. As a result, investment lagged while Portuguese Empireball devoted itself to the more lucrative trade with India and the Far East and to the colonisation of Brazilball. Although slavery had been legally abolished in Mozambiqueball, at the end of the 19th century the Chartered companies enacted a forced labor policy and supplied cheap—often forced—African labour to the mines and plantations of the nearby British colonies and South Africaball. The chartered companies built roads and ports to bring their goods to market including a railroad linking present-day Zimbabweball with the Mozambican port of Beiraball.
Due to their unsatisfactory performance and the shift, under the corporatist Estado Novo regime of Oliveira Salazar, towards a stronger Portuguese control of Portuguese Empireball's economy, the companies' concessions were not renewed when they ran out. This was what happened in 1942 with the Mozambique Companyball, which however continued to operate in the agricultural and commercial sectors as a corporation. In 1951, the Portuguese overseas colonies in Africa were rebranded as Overseas Provinces of Portugalball.
Mozambican War of Independence (1964–1974)[edit | edit source]
As communist and anti-colonial ideologies spread out across Africa, many clandestine political movements were established in support of Mozambican independence. These movements claimed that since policies and development plans were primarily designed by the ruling authorities for the benefit of Mozambiqueball's Portuguese population, little attention was paid to Mozambiqueball's tribal integration and the development of its native communities.
This affected a majority of the indigenous population who suffered both state-sponsored discrimination and enormous social pressure. The Front for the Liberation of Mozambiqueball (FRELIMO) initiated a guerrilla campaign against Portuguese rule in September 1964. This conflict—along with the two others already initiated in the other Portuguese colonies of Angolaball and Portuguese Guineaball—became part of the so-called Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974). From a military standpoint, the Portuguese regular army maintained control of the population centers while the guerrilla forces sought to undermine their influence in rural and tribal areas in the north and west. As part of their response to FRELIMO, the Portuguese government began to pay more attention to creating favourable conditions for social development and economic growth.
Independence (1975)[edit | edit source]
After 10 years of sporadic warfare and Portugalball's return to democracy through a leftist military coup in Lisbon, which replaced Portugal's Estado Novo regime with a military junta (the Carnation Revolution of April 1974), FRELIMO took control of the territory. Within a year, most of the 250,000 Portuguese in Mozambiqueball had left—some expelled by the government of the nearly independent territory, some fleeing in fear—and Mozambiqueball became independent from Portugalball on 25 June 1975. A law had been passed on the initiative of the then relatively unknown Armando Guebuza of the FRELIMO party ordering the Portuguese to leave the country in 24 hours with only 20 kilograms (44 pounds) of luggage. Unable to salvage any of their assets, most of them returned to Portugalball, penniless.
Civil War (1977–1992)[edit | edit source]
Formed in 1975, Mozambican National Resistance, an anti-communist group sponsored by the Rhodesian Intelligence Service, and the apartheid government in South Africaball, launched a series of attacks on transport routes, schools, and health clinics, and the country descended into civil war. In USAball, the CIA and conservatives lobbied for support to RENAMO, which was strongly resisted by the State Department, which would "not recognize or negotiate with RENAMO". In 1984, Mozambiqueball negotiated the Nkomati Accord with P. W. Botha and the South African government, in which Mozambique was to expel the African National Congress in exchange for South Africa stopping support of Renamo. At first, both sides complied but it soon became evident that infringements were taking place on both sides and the war continued. In 1986, Mozambican President Samora Machel died in an air crash in South African territory. Machel was replaced by Joaquim Chissano as president. The war was marked by huge human rights violations by both RENAMO and FRELIMO.
With support for RENAMO from South Africa drying up, in 1990 the first direct talks between the FRELIMO government and Renamo were held. In November 1990 a new constitution was adopted. Mozambique was now a multiparty state, with periodic elections, and guaranteed democratic rights. On 4 October 1992, the Rome General Peace Accords, negotiated by the Community of Sant'Egidio with the support of the United Nations, were signed in Rome between President Chissano and RENAMO leader Afonso Dhlakama, which formally took effect on October 15, 1992. A UN Peacekeeping Force (ONUMOZ) oversaw a two-year transition to democracy. The last ONUMOZ contingents departed in early 1995.
Democratic era (1994–)[edit | edit source]
Mozambiqueball held elections in 1994, which were accepted by most parties as free and fair while still contested by many nationals and observers alike. FRELIMO won, under Joaquim Chissano, while RENAMO, led by Afonso Dhlakama, ran as the official opposition.
In 1995, Mozambique joined Commonwealthball, becoming, at the time, the only member that had never been part of British Empireball.
By mid-1995, over 1.7 million refugees who had sought asylum in neighboring countries had returned to Mozambiqueball, part of the largest repatriation witnessed in sub-Saharan Africa.
In December 1999, Mozambiqueball held elections for a second time since the civil war, which were again won by FRELIMO. RENAMO accused FRELIMO of fraud, and threatened to return to civil war, but backed down after taking the matter to the Supreme Court and losing.
In early 2000 a cyclone caused widespread flooding in the countryball, killing hundreds and devastating the already precarious infrastructure.
Indicating in 2001 that he would not run for a third term, Chissano criticized leaders who stayed on longer than he had, which was generally seen as a reference to Zambiaball`s president Frederick Chiluba, who at the time was considering a third term, and Zimbabweball`s president Robert Mugabe, then in his fourth term. Presidential and National Assembly elections took place on December 1–2, 2004. FRELIMO candidate Armando Guebuza won with 64% of the popular vote. His opponent, Afonso Dhlakama of RENAMO, received 32% of the popular vote.
In 2007, its second president recieved the first Mo Ibrahim prize.
Mozambique was declared to be free of land mines in 2015, following a 22-year effort to remove explosive devices planted during the War of Independence and Civil War.
The candidate of the ruling FRELIMO, Filipe Nyusi has been the President of Mozambiqueball since January 2015 after winning the election in October 2014. In 2017, with the help of Russiaball, he started fighting an Islamic terrorist group trying to establish a caliphate in his Cabo Delgado province. In October 2019, President Filipe Nyusi was re-elected after a landslide victory in the general election. Frelimo won 184 seats, Renamo got 60 seats and the MDM party received the remaining six in the National Assembly. The opposition did not accept the results because of allegations of fraud and irregularities. Frelimo secured a two-thirds majority in parliament which allowed Frelimo to re-adjust the constitution without needing the agreement of the opposition.
Personality[edit | edit source]
Mozambiqueball is one of Portugalball's adoptive children, so it can into HUE like its siblings. Unlike them, however, it is also fond of (unnecessary) death, and is very hardworking, but also very violent, and carries an AK-47 with him at all times. Its AK-47 is the best thing in the world to it, and it's so simple that a child can use it
which they do, hue!
Relationships[edit | edit source]
Friends[edit | edit source]
- Portugalball - Adoptive parent. We don't talk much anymore though. It finds meu accent weird when eu speak português.
- Russiaball - Supports meu in my conflict. Also introduced to meu my love, the AK-47!
- Angolaball - African sibling. We both can into weapons and HUE.
- Zimbabweball - Although you are a near flag stealer, you helped me in the civil war and we were histórico trade partners, so you're ok for a neighbor.
- Tanzaniaball - I helped them in the Ugandan-Tanzanian War, and they brought the favour back by arming meu people against terroristas. Thank tu amigo!
- Madagascarball - Neighbor who was formerly comunista like me.
- Brazilball - Really big and stronk sibling... I actually admire it.
- Cubaball - Supported my independence.
- Rwandaball - Non-English speaker that can into Commonwealthball like me.
- South Africaball - Many of my exports come from their clay.
- East Timorball - Little sibling who stands a part of something that is called “Translator Removing”... Interesting.
- Macauball - Rich Asian sibling.
- Madeiraball - Another little sibling.
- Cabo Verdeball - An island sibling in west Africa. Also stands a part of something that is called “Translator Removing”. But what is more interesting than that is... How can the dominant party change about every 8 years??? That is hard to understand.
Neutral[edit | edit source]
- Malawiball - Supported my opposition in the past, but I convinced them to help me instead.
- Somaliaball - They once colonized me and the entire Swahili coast. That's why it has a huge Muslim community. But nós will never forget this...
Enemies[edit | edit source]
- Kurwaball - Flag stealer
Poland real kurwa! Eu harvest and shoot tu HUEHUEHUEHUEHUEHUE!
- ISISball - Stupid terrorist, get out of Cabo Delego. EU WILL DECLARE WAR ON YOU IF WAS RICH ENOUGH!!
- Mozambiqueball - The absolute name stealer! REMOVE!
Gallery[edit | edit source]
|🔫 Provinces Γ||Cabo Delgadoball • Gazaball • Inhambaneball • Manicaball • Maputoball • Nampulaball • Niassaball • Sofolaball • Teteball • Zambéziaball|
|Historical entities||Migrants from west and north • Swahili City States • Kingdom of Mutapaball • Ajuranball • Maraviball • Angoche Sultanateball • Portuguese Mozambiqueball • PR Mozambiqueball|