In 2013, it withdrew from Commonwealthball, citing it as a "neo-colonial" organization of nations, though it returned back to it in 2018. Although it is quite similar to Senegalball because it surrounds Gambiaball, differences do exist a lot.
History[edit | edit source]
(Links and icons: WIP.)
It is possible that Carthageball`s explorer Hanno the Navigator sailed as far as Gambiaball on an expedition in the sixth or fifth century BC.
Mali and Songhai empires[edit | edit source]
See Mali Empireball and Songhai Empireball.
European arrival and the colonial age[edit | edit source]
The European discovery of Gambiaball began in the 15th century, with the push toward exploration by Portuguese Empireball`s Prince Henry the Navigator. In 1446, Portuguese Empireball's captain, Nuno Tristao made contact with the inhabitants of Cape Vertball (the cape) and made a treaty of commerce and friendship with them. No settlement ever reached a significant size, and many of the settlers intermarried with the natives while maintaining their own dress and customs and professing to be Christians. Communities of Portugalball`s descent continue to exist in the Gambiaball. By the end of the 16th century, Songhai Empireball, under constant assault by Portuguese Empireball, collapsed. The name Gambia comes from the Portuguese word for trade, cambio.
In the meantime, a relief expedition had departed from Englandball under the command of Richard Jobson, who seized some Portuguese Empireball`s shipping as a reprisal for the massacre at Gassan.
In 1651, Englandball granted a patent to certain Londonball`s merchants who in that and the following year sent two expeditions to the River Gambia and established a trading post at Bintang. Members of the expedition proceeded as far as the Barakunda Falls in search of gold, but the climate took its toll. In 1652, Prince Rupert of the Rhine entered the Gambiaball with three Royalist ships and captured the patentees' vessels. After this heavy loss, they abandoned any further enterprise in the Gambiaball.
During this, Duchy of Courlandball, had in 1651 obtained from several native chiefs the cession of St Andrew's Island and land at Banyon Point (also known as Half-Die), Juffure and Gassan. Settlers, merchants and missionaries were sent out from Duchy of Courlandball and forts were erected on St Andrew's Island and at Banyon Point. This was part of a period in Duchy of Courlandball`s history known as Couronian colonization, which also saw them colonize Tobagoball. Duchy of Courlandball believed that the possession of these territories would give them control over the river and enable them to levy tolls on all those who used the waterway. The plan was to sell slaves to the colony in Tobago, but this did not prosper. In 1658, the duke of Duchy of Courlandball was made a prisoner by the Swedenball during a war between Swedenball and Polandball. As a consequence, funds were no longer available to maintain the garrisons and settlements in the Gambiaball in 1659, the Duchy of Courlandball's agent at Amsterdamball entered into an agreement with the Dutch West India Companyball whereby the Duchy of Courlandball possessions in the Gambiaball were handed over to the company.
Meanwhile, the Duchy of Courlandball had lodged a protest against the seizure of his possessions in a time of peace. On 17 November 1664, after negotiations over the future of the territories, he relinquished in favour of Charles II all claims to his African possessions and in return was granted the island of Tobagoball and the right for himself to personally trade in the River Gambia.
In 1677, Franceball wrested the island of Gorée from the Dutch. This began a century and a half period of struggle between Englandball and Franceball for political and commercial supremacy in the regions of Senegalball and the Gambiaball. By 1681, Franceball had acquired a small enclave at Albreda opposite to James Islandball.
In 1779, Franceball captured James Fort for the fifth and final time. On this occasion, they so successfully demolished the fortifications that at the close of the war it was found impossible to rebuild them. Besides a brief period following the Napoleonic Wars, when the island was temporarily occupied by a handful of soldiers as an outpost, James Island stopped playing any part in the history of the Gambia.
At the beginning of the 19th century, it was identified that most settlements on the Gambia River were British. However, to the north, there were several native kingdoms, and the Mandinkaballs were the inhabitants of all kingdomballs.
In 1821, the Royal African Company was dissolved by the Act of Parliament and the Gambiaball was placed under the jurisdiction of the Governor of Sierra Leoneball. It continued to be administered from Sierra Leoneball until 1843 when it became a separate colony. In 1866, however, the Gambiaball and Sierra Leoneball were once again united under the same administration.
In the 1850s, the French colony of Senegalball began a vigorous expansion until it virtually engulfed the Gambiaball. The colony assumed importance to Franceball as a possible trade route, proposed cession of the Gambiaball for some other part of West Africa was first mooted in 1861. negotiations were entered into between Franceball and the British government over the proposed cession of the Gambiaball in exchange for other territories in West Africa.
However, the proposal aroused such opposition in Parliament and among various mercantile bodies in Englandball, as well as among the native inhabitants of the Gambiaball, that the British government was unable to press ahead with the scheme. This "remarkably powerful" Gambiaball`s lobby was revived whenever the topic of the proposed cession was brought up, and successfully saw that the British could not cede any land. In 1888, the Gambia was once again separated from Sierra Leoneball and from that date until its independence operated as a separate colony. In 1889, an agreement was reached between the French and British governments for the delimitation of the borders of the Gambiaball, Senegalball, and Casamanceball.
In 1901, the Gambia Company, the first colonial military unit of the Gambiaball, was founded. It was formed as part of the Sierra Leoneball Battalion of the new West African Frontier Force (late Royal West African Frontier Force). A 1906 ordinance abolished slavery.
During World War I, the Gambia Company served alongside other British troops in the Kamerunball campaign, under the command of Captain V. B. Thurston of the Dorsetshire Regiment, and a number of its soldiers received gallantry medals for their conduct.
During World War II, the Gambia Company became the Gambia Regimentball, with a strength of two battalions from 1941. It fought in the Burmaball campaign and served for some time under the command of Antony Read, later the Quartermaster-General to the Forces. the Gambiaball itself was also important to the war effort. It was the nearest English-speaking port to Dakarball, where, before the Battle of Dakar, the Vichy Franceball`s battleship Richelieu had been told to travel to.
In anticipation of independence, efforts were made to create internal self-government. The 1960 Constitution created a partly elected House of Representatives, with 19 elected members and 8 chosen by the chiefs. This constitution proved flawed in the 1960 elections when the two major parties tied with 8 seats each. With the support of the unelected chiefs, Pierra Sarr N'Jie of the United Party was appointed Chief Minister. Dawda Jawara of the People's Progressive Party resigned as Minister of Education, triggering a Constitutional Conference arranged by the Secretary of State for the Colonies.
independance[edit | edit source]
Following agreements between the British and Gambian Governments in July 1964, the Gambia achieved independence on 18 February 1965 as a constitutional monarchy within Commonwealthball.
Shortly thereafter, the government held a referendum proposing that an elected president replace the Queen of the Gambiaball as head of state. The referendum failed to obtain the two-thirds majority required to amend the constitution, but the results received widespread attention abroad as testimony to the Gambia's observance of secret balloting, honest elections, and civil rights and liberties.
Jawara era[edit | edit source]
On 24 April 1970, the Gambiaball became a republic within Commonwealthball, following a second referendum, with Prime Minister Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara as head of state.
The relative stability of the Jawara era was first shattered by a coup attempt in 1981. The coup was led by Kukoi Samba Sanyang, who, on two occasions, had unsuccessfully sought election to Parliament. After a week of violence which left several hundred people dead, Jawara, in Londonball when the attack began, appealed to Senegalball for help. Senegalese troops defeated the rebel force.
In the aftermath of the attempted coup, Senegalball and the Gambiaball signed the 1982 Treaty of Confederation. Senegambia Confederationball came into existence; it aimed eventually to combine the armed forces of the two states and to unify their economies and currencies. the Gambiaball withdrew from the confederation in 1989.
Until a military coup in July 1994, the Gambiaball was led by President Jawara, who was re-elected five times.
Jammeh era[edit | edit source]
In July 1994, Yahya Jammeh led a coup d'état that deposed the Jawara government. After a constitutional referendum, presidential and parliamentary elections were held. Jammeh was sworn into office as president on 6 November 1996.
Jammeh won both the 2001 and 2006 elections. He was re-elected as president in 2011. The People's Republic of Chinaball cut ties with the Gambiaball in 1995 after the latter established diplomatic links with the Republic of China (Taiwanball).
On 2 October 2013, the Gambian interior minister announced that the Gambiaball would leave Commonwealthball with immediate effect, stating that they would "never again be part of a neo-colonial organization".
In December 2014, an attempted coup was launched to overthrow President Jammeh.
Fall of Jammeh and the occupation of ECOWASball[edit | edit source]
The presidential election of 2016 saw the surprising victory of the opposition candidate Adama Barrow, who defeated Jammeh with 43,3% of the votes. However, Jammeh refused to recognise the result of the election and refused to leave office, instead proclaiming a state of emergency. Barrow abandoned the country and fled to Senegalball, where he was sworn in as new president at Gambiaball`s embassy in Dakarball on 19 January 2017.
On the same day ECOWASball launched a military intervention in Gambiaball in order to forcefully remove Jammeh from power. On 21 January 2017 Jammeh announced he would step down as president and abandon the country. He went into exile in Equatorial Guineaball. On 27 January 2017 Barrow returned to Gambiaball and officially took office.
Barrow era[edit | edit source]
On 6 April 2017 parliamentary elections were held, which saw the victory of Barrow's United Democratic Party, scoring 37,47% and winning 31 of the 53 seats of the National Assembly.
Gambiaball officially rejoined Commonwealthball on 8 February 2018.
On 4 December 2021, incumbent President Adama Barrow won re-election in the presidential election. Opposition candidates rejected the results because of unspecified irregularities.
Flag Colors[edit | edit source]
|Philippine Red||206, 17, 38||C0-M92-Y82-K19||#CE1126|
|White||255, 255, 255||N/A||#FFFFFF|
|Indigo Dye||12, 28, 140||C91-M80-Y0-K45||#0C1C8C|
|Japanese Laurel||58, 119, 40||C51-M0-Y66-K53||#3A7728|
Relationships[edit | edit source]
While it hangs out at its own river, it has some allies and enemies.
Friends[edit | edit source]
- Guinea-Bissauball - Cabral was alright. Senegalball introduced me to this guy.
- USAball - Distant step-cousin who helps me out in poverty, but seems to judge me but my ambassador feels bad about your Bronx fire so hopefully you can recover from that fire.
- UKball - Parent, used to into colonial power.
- Chinaball - I used to ally with Taiwanball, but served and established diplomatic ties with it since 2013. Today, I now recognizes it as the sole government of China and it forgave me for 1995, but my government had to take a lot of convincing.
- Indonesiaball - We both dislike Senegalball.
- Duchy of Courlandball - Used to be my boss.
- Chileball and Togoball - Both we can into worms.
- Latviaball - First boss's descendant.
Neutral[edit | edit source]
- Senegalball - IRL we're friends. Senegal is my Muslim French sibling. They help take care of me, but 2017 INVASION NEVER FORGET!! Well, I can into democratic now, but I CANNOT INTO PERSONAL SPACE. DO YOU EVEN KNOW WHAT IT IS?! Also, you look like a pacman.
- Kosovoball - I recognized you, but you are friends with Senegalball.
- Casamanceball - I can't help you.
But the next time Senegalball wants to eat me I can save you.
Enemies[edit | edit source]
- Taiwanball - We were friends once. BUT I NOW NO LONGER RECOGNIZE YOU. YOU ARE A PART OF CHINABALL!
- Zambiaball - NAME STEALER!!!!
- Gambelaball - ANOTHER NAME STEALER!!!!
- West Papuaball - You belong to Indonesiaball!
Gallery[edit | edit source]
|Local Government Areas||Banjul LGAball ( Banjulball) • Basseball • Brikamaball • Janjanburehball • Kanifingball • Kerewanball • Kuntaurball • Mansakonkoball|
|Historical entities||Migrants from East that became Natives • Takrurball • Mali Empireball • Songhai Empireball • Couronian Gambiaball • British Gambiaball • Senegambia Confederationball|
- English Speaking Countryball
- Mandinka Speaking Countryball
- Red Blue Green White
- Fula Speaking Countryball
- Wolof Speaking Countryball
- West Africa
- Sahara Region
- Atlantic Ocean
- Sub-Saharan Africa
- African Unionball