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    Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-HUEBissauball is African Texas-icon.png Texas a countryball in Western Africa. Its adoptive parent is Portugal-icon.png Portugalball, and therefore it speaks fluent Portuguese. Despite being a member of Portugal-icon.png Portugalball's HUE family, it is also in the Guinea family (Atlantic-Congo family). It is also a popular transit point for South American drugs to be smuggled into Europe.

    History[edit | edit source]

    Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-Bissauball is descended from 8-icon.png Mandinkaballs who migrated to West Africa and were officially born in 1588. Its parent was Kaabu Empire-icon.png Kaabuball. Kaabu Empire-icon.png Kaabuball was a province of Mali Empire-icon.png Mali Empireball and was born as a province. The population was used for the slave trade to gain wealth for many decades, slaves dissenting against the empire to Arab League-icon.png Arabballs and Berbers-icon.png Berberballs in North Africa. When Mali Empire-icon.png Mali Empireball declined, Kaabu Empire-icon.png Kaabuball became independent on 1537.

    Kaabu Empire-icon.png Kaabuball played the Kora alone, until Venice-icon.pngFlanders-icon.pngPortugueseEmpire-icon.png europeans explored it's coastline and clay in the mid 15th century. The Portuguese Guinea Company was born in favor of PortugueseEmpire-icon.png Portugalball's missions in West Africa for the rest of the 1400s. It traded with Kaabu Empire-icon.png Kaabuball and many African kingdoms in the West African coast, Kaabuball which earned the attention of many Portuguese explores such as Nuno Tristão (who has a monument of in the country). When PortugueseEmpire-icon.png Kingdom of Portugalball discovered India-icon.png Indiaball, the Guinean Company merged into Casa da Índia and the trading of salt and gold became trading of 8-icon (colony).png slaves.

    Eventually, Portuguese Guinea-icon.png Portuguese Guineaball was adopted by PortugueseEmpire-icon.png Kingdom of Portugalball after and was babysitted by it's older sibing Portuguese Cape Verde-icon.png Cabo Verdeball. It grew up in its HUE family, along with Brazil-icon.png Brazilball and other Lusophone countries. Guinea-Bissau-icon (division).png Cacheuball was founded in 1588, and the future capital Bissau-icon.png Bissauball on 1697. Up until the 19th century, Guinea-Bissau-icon (division).png Cacheuball would be one of the biggest slave markets in the Atlantic Coast.

    Its parent Kaabu Empire-icon.png Kaabuball would later be killed by Imamate of Futa Jallon-icon.png Imamate of Futa Jallonball in the Kansala War in 1857 and its clay conquered 2 years after. Its conqueror Imamate of Futa Jallon-icon.png Imamate of Futa Jallonball followed its religious duty and it spread the word of Islam-icon.png Islam to the mostly pagan population.

    British Empire-icon.png UKball settled on Bolama Island and declared the colony of "British Guineaball" on the 10th of May 1792. But later on, Portuguese Empire-icon.png Portugalball started to claim the island. After some fighting over its clay, British Empire-icon.png UKball ended up handing over the island. Portuguese Guinea-icon.png Guineaball was old enough to no longer stay dependency of Portuguese Cape Verde-icon.png Cape Verdeball, Portuguese Empire-icon.png Portugalball told them.

    Into the 19th century, Portuguese Guinea-icon.png Guineaball stayed as a good trading partner with Portugal-icon.png Portugalball. It learned Portuguese culture while growing up in the empire, and it was no longer associated with the slave trade, which was abolished. In 1951 it was allowed citizenship and became overseas clay like its brothers, it no longer separated 8-icon.png 8ball with 2-icon.png 2ball. But it didn't like forced labour, which continued in the empire.

    War of independence[edit | edit source]

    The Guinea-Bissau-icon.png PAIGC led by Amilcar Cabral led the war of independence. First, Cabral wanted to resist peacefully, but the Pidjiguiti massacre made him decide on military resistance. But unlike others, they fought very well against the colonists. So, this was referred to as the Vietnam War of Portugalball, maybe because they mainly fought in jungles (theirs and Guinea-icon.png Guineaball`s) that is easy to guerilla war, and also had great weapons from Communist countries, notably Cuba-icon.png Cubaball, that sent a military mission to help the Guinea-Bissau-icon.png PAIGC. Unfortunately, Cabral was assassinated months before Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-Bissauball`s independence. It finally could into independence in 1974, unlike its siblings Angola-icon.png Angolaball and Mozambique-icon.png Mozambiqueball.

    After independence, before Vieira[edit | edit source]

    After independence, Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-Bissauball tried to unify with Cape Verde-icon (1975–1992).png Cabo Verdeball because they fought together as Guinea-Bissau-icon.png PAIGC, but this fortunately to Cabo Verdeball ended in 5 years because a coup happened in Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-Bissauball, which overthrew Luis Cabral of Cape Verde-icon (1975–1992).png Cabo Verdeball`s decent.

    The first Vieira years and the civil war[edit | edit source]

    By 1980, economic conditions had deteriorated significantly, which led to general dissatisfaction with the government. In 1980, Vieira toppled the government of Luís Cabral in a bloodless military coup, which initial reports credited to racial conflict between the black population of Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-Bissauball and the mulatto population of Cape Verde-icon (1975–1992).png Cabo Verdeball, embodied in the Cape Verde-icon (1975–1992).png Cabo Verdeball origin of President Cabral. In the wake of the coup, the bordering Guinea-icon.png Guineaball quickly recognised the new government, while the Guinea-Bissau-icon.png PAIGC in Cape Verde-icon.png Cabo Verdeball split away and forming a separate party, PAICV.

    Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-Bissauball, like the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa, moved toward multiparty democracy in the early 1990s. Through pressure from groups like the Democratic Front, the ban on political parties was lifted in 1991, and elections were held in 1994. International election observers considered both rounds generally free and fair. Vieira was sworn in as the first democratically elected President of Guinea-Bissauball on 29 September 1994.

    Vieira dismissed the military chief of staff Ansumane Mané on 6 June 1998. Mané and his supporters in the military promptly rebelled, and the country descended into a civil war between forces loyal to Vieira and rebels loyal to Mané.

    The Guinea-Bissau Civil War was fought from 7 June 1998 to 10 May 1999 and was triggered by an attempted coup d'état against the government of President João Bernardo Vieira led by General Ansumane Mané. Government forces, backed by Senegal-icon.png Guinea-icon.png neighboring states, clashed with the coup leaders who had quickly gained almost total control over the countryball's armed forces.

    In January 1998, ten fighters from the Movement of Democratic Forces of Casamance-icon.png Casamanceball (MDFC), an insurgent separatist group from the Senegal-icon.png Senegalese region of Casamance-icon.png Casamanceball, were killed and another forty were arrested following clashes with the armed forces in two towns on the northern border of Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-Bissauball.

    In late January, following the seizure in Guinea-Bissauball of a cache of weapons, a number of officers of the armed forces were arrested on charges of supplying arms to Casamance-icon.png Casamanceball separatists.

    In the following days, more than 3,000 foreign nationals were evacuated from the capital by ship to Senegal-icon.png Senegalball. An estimated further 200,000 residents of Bissau-icon.png Bissauball fled the city, prompting fears of a humanitarian disaster, with the hostilities preventing aid organizations from distributing emergency food and medical supplies to the refugees. Fighting continued, with many members of Guinea-Bissauball`s armed forces reportedly defecting to the side of the rebels.

    Following mediation by a delegation from the Community of Portuguese Language Countriesball (Portuguese-icon.png CPLPball), the government and the rebels agreed to implement a truce. Afterwards, representatives of the government and the rebels met under the auspices of Portuguese-icon.png CPLPball and ECOWAS-icon.png ECOWASball on Salball, Cape Verde-icon.png Cabo Verdeball, where an agreement was reached to transform the existing truce into a cease-fire. The accord provided for the reopening of the international airport and for the deployment of international forces to maintain and supervise the cease-fire.

    In September 1998, talks between the government and the rebels resumed in Abidjan-icon.png Abidjanball, Ivory Coast-icon.png Côte d'Ivoireball. The rebels demanded that all forces of Senegal-icon.png Senegalball and Guinea-icon.png Guineaball to be withdrawn from the country as a precondition to a definitive peace agreement, which was rejected by the government. The rebels, in turn, rejected a proposal for the establishment by Senegal-icon.png Senegalball of a buffer zone within Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-Bissauball`s territory along the border with Casamance-icon.png Casamanceball.

    By that time almost all of the government troops had defected to the side of rebel forces, which were believed to control approximately 99% of the country. On 23 October Mané agreed to observe a 48-hour truce to allow Vieira time to clarify his proposals for a negotiated peace settlement and an agreement was subsequently reached for direct talks to be held in Banjulball, Gambia-icon.png The Gambiaball. At the talks, the rebels confirmed that they would not seek Vieira's resignation.

    Further talks held under the protection of ECOWAS-icon.png ECOWASball in Abuja-icon.png Abujaball, Nigeria-icon.png Nigeriaball, resulted in the signing of a peace accord. Under the accord's terms, the two sides reaffirmed the cease-fire of 25 August and resolved that the withdrawal of troops of Senegal-icon.png Senegalball and Guinea-icon.png Guineaball from Guinea-Bissauball be conducted simultaneously with the deployment of an ECOMOG (ECOWAS-icon.png ECOWASball`s Cease-fire Monitoring Group) interposition force, which would guarantee security on the border with Senegal-icon.png Senegalball.

    It was also agreed that a Government of National Unity would be established to include rebel representatives and that presidential and legislative elections would be held no later than March 1999. In early November 1998, an agreement was reached on the composition of a joint executive committee to implement the peace accord.

    At a meeting held in Lomé-icon.png Loméball, Togo-icon.png Togoball, João Bernardo Vieira and Ansumane Mané pledged never again to resort to armed conflict.

    A report was released by the National People's Assembly, which blamed Mané on charges of trafficking arms to the Casamance-icon.png Casamanceball rebels. Although the report, which had been due for release in June 1998 when hostilities began, called for the reinstatement of Mané as Chief of Staff of the armed forces, it revealed that President Vieira's presidential guard had been heavily implicated in arms trafficking.

    A peace agreement was signed in November 1998, and a transitional government was formed in preparation for new elections in 1999. On 27 November 1998, the National People's Assembly passed a motion demanding Vieira's resignation, with none opposing it.

    After the civil war and Guinea-Bissau-icon.png Guinea-Bissauball`s present days[edit | edit source]

    After President Kumba Yalá was overthrown in September 2003 military coup, Vieira returned to Bissau-icon.png Bissauball from Portugal-icon.png Portugalball on 7 April 2005. He said that he had forgiven his enemies and that he hoped others would forgive him for any harm he had caused. On 16 April, it was announced that he intended to stand as a candidate in the June 2005 presidential election and was cleared to stand in the election by the Supreme Court in May 2005, along with Yalá. The Guinea-Bissau-icon.png PAIGC backed former interim president Malam Bacai Sanhá as its candidate.

    He officially defeated Sanhá in the run-off on 24 July and was sworn in as President on 1 October.

    Vieira was shot dead by a group of soldiers while fleeing from his private residence in the early hours of 2 March 2009. WIP

    Recently its older cousin Guinea-icon.png Guineaball is suffering from an Ebola outbreak, and his only claim to fame is the occasional confusion with Guinea-icon.png Guineaball. On the first day of February 2022, gunshots were heard in the capital, and many who heard them took shelter. It seemed an attempted coup was put down by the government. None knows who caused it and why, but the government claimed to have dealt with it.

    Relationships[edit | edit source]

    Friends[edit | edit source]

    • Portugal-icon.png Portugalball - Adoptive parent.
    • Cape Verde-icon.png Cabo Verdeball - Best sibling and HUE. Used to babysittings me. We even had similar flags once! Can`t you use it again?
    • Angola-icon.png Angolaball - HUE sibling.
    • Mozambique-icon.png Mozambiqueball - HUE sibling too.
    • Brazil-icon.png Brazilball - HUE sibling three.
    • Guinea-icon.png Guineaball - Fula cousin, we lived under the same historical empire, and you helped meu gain independence, but I am best Guinea!!
    • Equatorial Guinea-icon.png Equatorial Guineaball - Cousin! But another fake Guinea.
    • Senegal-icon.png Senegalball - Helpful and proud neighbor, also a Wolof sibling but please no anschluss.
    • Pakistan-icon.png Pakistanball - I have embassy in its clay.
    • UK-icon.png UKball - You are okay, I guess. Tried to adopt meu before.
    • Russia-icon.png Russiaball - Helped me learn to fight in my war of independence. It also gibs weapons.
    • Cuba-icon.png Cubaball - Assisted me and my brothers in our wars for independence.

    Enemies[edit | edit source]

    How to Draw[edit | edit source]

    1. Draw a circle, colour the top half yellow and the bottom half green.
    2. Draw a red strip on the left of it.
    3. Draw a 5-pointed black star in the middle of the strip
    4. Add eyes and you've finished.

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Polandball Wiki has a gallery of artwork, comics, gifs and videos of Guinea-Bissauball.

    Click here to see it.

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