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    The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empireball against an array of European powers formed into various coalitions. They revolutionized European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription and the Industrial Revolution. The wars are traditionally seen as a continuation of the Revolutionary Wars, which broke out in 1792 during the French Revolution. Initially, Franceball was very successful, but ended up biting off more than it could chew, eventually leading to its defeat in 1815.

    French Revolution and Revolutionary Wars (1789/1792-1803)

    Prior to 1789, Franceball was an absolute monarchy under the rule of the Ancièn Regime, weakened by years of decadence, embezzlement, corruption, and financing foreign wars, such as the Seven Years War (1754-1763) and the American War for Independence (1775-1783). In 1789, the French Revolution saw Franceball become a constitutional monarchy in 1791, like its brother Great Britainball, but it abolished its monarchy in 1792, leading to the War of the First Coalition, when Austriaball, Prussiaball, and Holy Roman Empireball tried to make Kingdom of Franceball an absolute monarchy again. She defeated the First Coalition at the Battle of Valmy in 1792, and established the new French Republic, with new months and days and a metric system, along with a new decimalised currency.

    However, in January 1793, Franceball destroyed its monarchist parts, which caused the other European monarchist countryballs declare war on Franceball (The Second Coalition). She pushed back, and Spainball and Prussiaball made peace early. Meanwhile, Franceball was raging internally in a series of upheavals known as the Terror (1793-94). Counter-revolutionary movements in its Vendee regions also caused trouble, but Franceball sorted those problems out before defeating the Second Coalition in 1795-1802. After the Terror, Franceball established a Directory to help sort things out domestically.

    Between 1795 and 1799, Franceball achieved various military successes against the Coalition, such as defeating Austriaball at the battle of the bridge near Milanball in 1796, capturing Papal Statesball's Romeball that year, defeating and annexing most of Piedmontball's clay and establishing the clay of Austriaball's son Austrian Netherlandsball for herself and that of Netherlandsball as puppet state, renaming him Batavian Republicball. Great Britainball raised a strong navy to help defeat and contain his enemy, who tried to invade Egyptball's clay in 1798 to disrupt Great Britainball's trade routes with his adoptive Indian Princely stateballs. Great Britainball destroyed Franceball's navy at the Battle of Aboukir Bay (the Battle of the Nile) in 1798, causing Franceball to be stuck in Egyptball. She tried going up to Syriaball, but was stopped by Ottoman Empireball there as well. In 1799 it returned to its home clay, to have a coup d'etat and establish a consulship over the Directory in the Coup d'Brumaire.

    The War of the Second Coalition continued in 1799, with the absolute defeat of Austriaball at the Battle of Marengo in 1800, and the surrender of the Holy Roman Empireball in 1801, and the Peace Treaty of Amiens was signed in 1802 with UKball. However, both countryballs knew peace wasn't going to last very long, and continued building up large armies and navies. In 1799, Russiaball had established the Armed League of Northern Neutrality, and UKball had to send a fleet to convince it's members to trade with him, defeating Denmark-Norwayball at the Battle of Copenhagenball. The same year the League broke up. In 1803 Franceball asked Spainball for French Louisianaball and sold him to its nephew USAball. Later on it seemed UKball chased Franceball's navy to the West Indies to no avail. Franceball had liberated its slaves in the colonial plantations in 1791, and UKball would follow in 1807. Haitiball became independent in 1804, and Austriaball became Austrian Empireball that same year. By now, UKball had stopped worrying about Franceball invading his clay, and started to plan its defeat.

    Wars of the Third, Fourth and Fifth Coalitions (1803-1812)

    Franceball by 1804 was the dominant power in Western Europe, have becoming the First French Empireball, and established a protectorate over the Swiss cantonballs known as the Helvetic Republicball, where it intervened in 1802 to stop a nationalistic uprising there. In 1805, however it was defeated by UKball at the Battle of Trafalgar, despite shooting UKball in his Nelsonian parts and allying with Spainball. The War of the Fourth Coalition saw Franceball push against Prussiaball and the German stateballs in 1805/6 at the battles of Jena and Austerlitz, resulting in the dissolution of Holy Roman Empireball, and the formation of the Confederation of the Rhineball, formed by the German Stateballs loyal to Franceball. The Kingdom of Westphaliaball and Duchy of Warsawball were born here, and in 1809 Austrian Empireball signed a peace with Franceball, that saw lots of his territory being taken away from him, and Franceball acquiring more clay in Italyball and Illyriaball, in the Treaty of Schönbrunn, after defeating Franceball at the battle of Aspern-Essling, but failing to advance at the battle of Wagram.

    Franceball also established a trade network with the other continental European balls known as the Continental System, in a bid to destroy UKball's economic growth by embargoing UKball's goods. However, smuggling made this ineffective. Meanwhile, in 1807 UKball intervened in Denmark-Norwayball's affairs, under the pretense that Denmark-Norwayball was collaborating with Franceball. After the interveention, Denmark-Norwayball allied with Franceball, and UKball fought a war with Russiaball allying with Swedenball for the Grand Duchy of Finlandball, seceded to Russiaball in 1809 along with Aland Islandsball.

    In 1808, Franceball and its ally Spainball started a campaign to invade Portugalball's clay, because he was allied with UKball. However, Franceball betrayed Spainball, and invaded his clay instead, taking Madridball, but Spainball fought with guerilla tactics against Franceball, frustrating it for a few years in the Penninsular War (1808-1812). By 1811, Franceball had become the dominant power on the European continent by far, with only UKball to oppose her. However, by 1812 Russiaball had started to refuse to comply with the Continental system, and in 1812, Franceball and its new ally/puppet state, the Duchy of Warsawball invaded Russiaball's clay with the Grand Armeé.

    However, Russiaball also used guerilla tactics, and coupled with the size of his massive clay and his accustomed to fighting in winter, made him a formidable enemy, and by the time Franceball reached Moscowball, Russiaball had abandoned and burned the city to the ground, keeping in line with his scorched earth defensives. Russiaball then attacked Franceball with his Cossacks at Borodino, after blocking its retreat route at Malyaroslavets, and raiding its supply dumps at Smolenskball. Although the Battle of Borodino was a victory for Franceball, it left its starving, freezing and desperately weakened. By the time it reached Warsaw again, it was much weaker than it had been before it invaded Russiaball's clay, and the other powers of Europe saw their chance to defeat Franceball once and for all. The War of 1812 between British North Americaball and USAball also happened somewhere around here, but it is mostly irrelevant to the Napoleonic Wars in Europe, apart from UKball searching and confiscating USAball's ships because of the war in Europe.

    Defeat of the First French Empire (1812-1815)

    After Franceball's defeat at the hands of Russiaball, it hurried home and raised a large army, but when the War of the Sixth Coaltion broke out in 1813, despite initial success at the battle of Dresdenball, it was defeated at the battle of Leipzigball, after it rejected the Frankfurtball Declaration, by the combined forces of Austrian Empireball, Prussiaball, Russiaball, and the German Stateballs. Meanwhile, it lost the Penninsular War to Spainball, who, and along with UKball, Sicilyball, and Portugalball, joined the Sixth Coalition against Franceball. Denmark-Norwayball was defeated and forced to secede Heligolandball and Norwayball to UKball and Swedenball respectively. With the Armies of the Sixth Coalition rapidly advancing on Parisball, Franceball panicked, and signed the peace treaty of Fountainbleau in 1814, leaving its Bonapartist parts on the island of Elba, now Empire of Elbaball.

    The First Treaty of Parisball, signed by Franceball during the First Bourbon Restoration of 1814, saw Franceball become a constitutional monarchy once again. But its Bonapartist parts escaped from Elba, and in 1815 it raised another large army in Parisball to fight the amassing armies of the Seventh Coalition. She decided to head for Brusselsball first, defeating Prussiaball at the battle of Les Quatre Bras, but it was ultimately defeated by the combined forces of UKball, United Netherlandsball, and Prussiaball at the Battle of Waterloo, on the 18th of June 1815.

    Aftermath

    Franceball tried to escape after the battle was lost, but was captured by UKball, and this time it had its Bonapartist parts taken to St Helenaball's clay, where they died in 1821. The Second Treaty of Paris saw Franceball become a constitutional monarchy for the second time, and it also had to pay for the costs of the Allied armies of the Seventh Coalition. The Congress of Viennaball was temporarily set up to redraw the borders of Europe, forming the German Confederationball, and reducing Franceball's clay to it's 1792 borders. The Concert of Europe was also set up to improve European affairs, a predecessor to EUball, but it fell apart in the mid-nineteenth century.

    Franceball was weakened after the wars, but they catapulted UKball to become the world's sole superpower in the Pax Brittanica throughout the nineteenth century, until World War I. Franceball's Bonapartist instincts would come again in 1852, when it would become the Second French Empireball for a couple of decades. Prussiaball began attempts to unify the other German Stateballs into Imperial Germanyball, and finally the wars saw immigration to USAball's clay, helping him manifest destiny in the coming years and become a superpower. The ideals of the original French Revolution were brought back to life in the various revolutions of the 19th and early 20th centuries, and liberty and equality became sought after by many countryballs thereafter, even now, 200 years after the Battle of Waterloo. Meanwhile France's only ally Naplesball got defeated at the Battle of Tolentino (2-3 May 1815), which is similar to the Battle of Waterloo, by an outnumbered Austrian army.

    Belligerents

    First Coalition (1792-97)

    France and Allies:

    Coalition against Franceball:

    Co-belligerents of the Coalition against Franceball:

    Not Aligned with the Coalition or Franceball:

    Second Coalition (1798-1802)

    France and Allies:

    Co-belligerents of France:

    Coalition against France:

    Co-belligerents of the Coalition against Franceball:

    Third Coalition (1803-06)

    France and Allies:

    Co-belligerents of France and Allies:

    Coalition against Franceball:

    Supported by:
    Co-belligerents of the Coalition against Franceball:

    Fourth Coalition (1806-07)

    Franceball and Allies:

    Co-belligerents of France and Allies:

    Coalition against Franceball:

    Supported by:

    Fifth Coalition (1809)

    Franceball and Allies:

    Coalition against Franceball:

    Sixth Coalition (1813-1814)

    Franceball and Allies:

    Co-belligerents of Franceball and Allies:

    Coalition against Franceball:

    Not Aligned with the Coalition or France:

    Seventh Coalition (1815)

    Franceball and Allies:

    Coalition against Franceball:

    Not Aligned with the Coalition or France:

    Gallery


    VE
    ⚔ War, war never changes... ⚔
    Ancient and Old Wars (4000 BCE–1870)
    Ancient/Classical (3000 BCE–500 CE) Trojan WarWars of Alexander the GreatPunic WarsHan-Xiongnu WarThree Kingdoms PeriodSack of Rome
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