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    The Napoleonic-icon.png Napoleonic Wars (1792/1799/1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the Napoleonic-icon.png French Empireball against an array of European powers formed into various coalitions. They revolutionized European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription and the Industrial Revolution. The wars are traditionally seen as a continuation of the French First Republic-icon.png Revolutionary Wars, which broke out in 1792 during the French First Republic-icon.png French Revolution. Initially, France-icon.png Franceball was very successful, but ended up biting off more than it could chew, eventually leading to its defeat in 1815.

    French Revolution and Revolutionary Wars (1789/1792-1803)[edit | edit source]

    Prior to 1789, New France-icon.png Franceball was an absolute monarchy under the rule of the Ancièn Regime, weakened by years of decadence, embezzlement, corruption, and financing foreign wars, such as the Seven Years War (1754-1763) and the ColAmerica-icon.png American War for Independence (1775-1783). In 1789, the French Revolution saw French First Republic-icon.png Franceball become a constitutional monarchy in 1791, like its brother British Empire-icon.png Great Britainball, but it abolished its monarchy in 1792, leading to the War of the First Coalition, when Austrian Empire-icon.png Austriaball, Kingdom of Prussia-icon.png Prussiaball, and HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball tried to make French First Republic-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball an absolute monarchy again. She defeated the First Coalition at the Battle of Valmy in 1792, and established the new French First Republic-icon.png French Republic, with new months and days and a metric system, along with a new decimalised currency.

    However, in January 1793, French First Republic-icon.png Franceball destroyed its New France-icon.png monarchist parts, which caused the other European monarchist countryballs declare war on French First Republic-icon.png Franceball (The Second Coalition). She pushed back, and First Spanish Republic-icon.png Spainball and Kingdom of Prussia-icon.png Prussiaball made peace early. Meanwhile, French First Republic-icon.png Franceball was raging internally in a series of upheavals known as the Terror (1793-94). Counter-revolutionary movements in its Vendee regions also caused trouble, but France-icon.png Franceball sorted those problems out before defeating the Second Coalition in 1795-1802. After the Terror, France-icon.png Franceball established a Directory to help sort things out domestically.

    Between 1795 and 1799, France-icon.png Franceball achieved various military successes against the Coalition, such as defeating Austrian Empire-icon.png Austriaball at the battle of the bridge near Milan-icon.png Milanball in 1796, capturing Papal States-icon.png Papal Statesball's Rome-icon.png Romeball that year, defeating and annexing most of Piedmont-icon.png Piedmontball's clay and establishing the clay of Austrian Empire-icon.png Austriaball's son Austrian Netherlands-icon.png Austrian Netherlandsball for herself and that of Dutch Republic-icon.png Netherlandsball as puppet state, renaming him Batavian Republic-icon.png Batavian Republicball. British Empire-icon.png Great Britainball raised a strong navy to help defeat and contain his enemy, who tried to invade Egypt-Eyalet-icon.png Egyptball's clay in 1798 to disrupt British Empire-icon.png Great Britainball's trade routes with his adoptive Indian Princely stateballs. British Empire-icon.png Great Britainball destroyed France-icon.png Franceball's navy at the Battle of Aboukir Bay (the Battle of the Nile) in 1798, causing France-icon.png Franceball to be stuck in Egypt-Eyalet-icon.png Egyptball. She tried going up to Ottoman-icon (old).png Syriaball, but was stopped by Ottoman-icon (old).png Ottoman Empireball there as well. In 1799 it returned to its home clay, to have a coup d'etat and establish a consulship over the Directory in the Coup d'Brumaire.

    The War of the Second Coalition continued in 1799, with the absolute defeat of Austrian Empire-icon.png Austriaball at the Battle of Marengo in 1800, and the surrender of the HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball in 1801, and the Peace Treaty of Amiens was signed in 1802 with British Empire-icon.png UKball. However, both countryballs knew peace wasn't going to last very long, and continued building up large armies and navies. In 1799, Russia-icon.png Russiaball had established the Armed League of Northern Neutrality, and British Empire-icon.png UKball had to send a fleet to convince it's members to trade with him, defeating Denmark-icon.png Denmark-Norwayball at the Battle of Copenhagen-icon.png Copenhagenball. The same year the League broke up. In 1803 Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball asked First Spanish Republic-icon.png Spainball for French Louisiana-icon.png French Louisianaball and sold him to its nephew USA-icon.png USAball. Later on it seemed British Empire-icon.png UKball chased Franceball's navy to the West Indies to no avail. French First Republic-icon.png Franceball had liberated its slaves in the colonial plantations in 1791, and British Empire-icon.png UKball would follow in 1807. Aosta Valley-icon.png Haitiball became independent in 1804, and Austrian Empire-icon.png Austriaball became Austrian Empire-icon.png Austrian Empireball that same year. By now, British Empire-icon.png UKball had stopped worrying about Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball invading his clay, and started to plan its defeat.

    Wars of the Third, Fourth and Fifth Coalitions (1803-1812)[edit | edit source]

    Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball by 1804 was the dominant power in Western Europe, have becoming the Napoleonic-icon.png First French Empireball, and established a protectorate over the Old Swiss-icon.png Swiss cantonballs known as the Helvetic Republic-icon.png Helvetic Republicball, where it intervened in 1802 to stop a nationalistic uprising there. In 1805, however it was defeated by British Empire-icon.png UKball at the Battle of Trafalgar, despite shooting British Empire-icon.png UKball in his Nelsonian parts and allying with First Spanish Republic-icon.png Spainball. The War of the Fourth Coalition saw Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball push against Kingdom of Prussia-icon.png Prussiaball and the HRE-icon.png German stateballs in 1805/6 at the battles of Jena and Austerlitz, resulting in the dissolution of HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball, and the formation of the Rhine Confederation-icon.png Confederation of the Rhineball, formed by the German Stateballs loyal to Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball. The Duchy of Westphalia-icon.png Kingdom of Westphaliaball and Poland-icon.png Duchy of Warsawball were born here, and in 1809 Austrian Empire-icon.png Austrian Empireball signed a peace with Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball, that saw lots of his territory being taken away from him, and Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball acquiring more clay in Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy-icon.png Italyball and Napoleonic-icon.png Illyriaball, in the Treaty of Schönbrunn, after defeating Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball at the battle of Aspern-Essling, but failing to advance at the battle of Wagram.

    Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball also established a trade network with the other continental European balls known as the Continental System, in a bid to destroy British Empire-icon.png UKball's economic growth by embargoing British Empire-icon.png UKball's goods. However, smuggling made this ineffective. Meanwhile, in 1807 British Empire-icon.png UKball intervened in Denmark-icon.png Denmark-Norwayball's affairs, under the pretense that Denmark-icon.png Denmark-Norwayball was collaborating with Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball. After the interveention, Denmark-icon.png Denmark-Norwayball allied with Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball, and British Empire-icon.png UKball fought a war with Russia-icon.png Russiaball allying with Sweden-icon.png Swedenball for the Grand Duchy of Finland-icon.png Grand Duchy of Finlandball, seceded to Russia-icon.png Russiaball in 1809 along with Aland-icon.png Aland Islandsball.

    In 1808, Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball and its ally First Spanish Republic-icon.png Spainball started a campaign to invade PortugueseEmpire-icon.png Portugalball's clay, because he was allied with British Empire-icon.png UKball. However, Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball betrayed First Spanish Republic-icon.png Spainball, and invaded his clay instead, taking Madrid-icon (city).png Madridball, but First Spanish Republic-icon.png Spainball fought with guerilla tactics against Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball, frustrating it for a few years in the Penninsular War (1808-1812). By 1811, Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball had become the dominant power on the European continent by far, with only British Empire-icon.png UKball to oppose her. However, by 1812 Russia-icon.png Russiaball had started to refuse to comply with the Continental system, and in 1812, Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball and its new ally/puppet state, the Poland-icon.png Duchy of Warsawball invaded Russia-icon.png Russiaball's clay with the Grand Armeé.


    However, Russia-icon.png Russiaball also used guerilla tactics, and coupled with the size of his massive clay and his accustomed to fighting in winter, made him a formidable enemy, and by the time Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball reached Moscow-icon.png Moscowball, Russia-icon.png Russiaball had abandoned and burned the city to the ground, keeping in line with his scorched earth defensives. Russia-icon.png Russiaball then attacked Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball with his Cossacks at Borodino, after blocking its retreat route at Malyaroslavets, and raiding its supply dumps at Smolensk Oblast-icon.png Smolenskball. Although the Battle of Borodino was a victory for Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball, it left its starving, freezing and desperately weakened. By the time it reached Warsaw-icon.png Warsaw again, it was much weaker than it had been before it invaded Russia-icon.png Russiaball's clay, and the other powers of Europe saw their chance to defeat Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball once and for all. The War of 1812 between British America-icon.png British North Americaball and USA-icon.png USAball also happened somewhere around here, but it is mostly irrelevant to the Napoleonic Wars in Europe, apart from British Empire-icon.png UKball searching and confiscating USA-icon.png USAball's ships because of the war in Europe.

    Defeat of the First French Empire (1812-1815)[edit | edit source]

    After Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball's defeat at the hands of Russia-icon.png Russiaball, it hurried home and raised a large army, but when the War of the Sixth Coaltion broke out in 1813, despite initial success at the battle of Dresdenball, it was defeated at the battle of Leipzig-icon.png Leipzigball, after it rejected the Free City of Frankfurt-icon.png Frankfurtball Declaration, by the combined forces of Austrian Empire-icon.png Austrian Empireball, Kingdom of Prussia-icon.png Prussiaball, Russia-icon.png Russiaball, and the HRE-icon.png German Stateballs. Meanwhile, it lost the Penninsular War to First Spanish Republic-icon.png Spainball, who, and along with British Empire-icon.png UKball, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies-icon.png Sicilyball, and PortugueseEmpire-icon.png Portugalball, joined the Sixth Coalition against Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball. Denmark-icon.png Denmark-Norwayball was defeated and forced to secede Heligolandball and Second Kingdom of Norway-icon.png Norwayball to British Empire-icon.png UKball and Sweden-icon.png Swedenball respectively. With the Armies of the Sixth Coalition rapidly advancing on Paris-icon.png Parisball, Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball panicked, and signed the peace treaty of Fountainbleau in 1814, leaving its Napoleonic-icon.png Bonapartist parts on the island of Elba, now Empire of Elbaball.

    The First Treaty of Paris-icon.png Parisball, signed by New France-icon.png Franceball during the First New France-icon.png Bourbon Restoration of 1814, saw New France-icon.png Franceball become a constitutional monarchy once again. But its Napoleonic-icon.png Bonapartist parts escaped from Elba, and in 1815 it raised another large army in Paris-icon.png Parisball to fight the amassing armies of the Seventh Coalition. She decided to head for Brussels-icon.png Brusselsball first, defeating Kingdom of Prussia-icon.png Prussiaball at the battle of Les Quatre Bras, but it was ultimately defeated by the combined forces of British Empire-icon.png UKball, Netherlands-icon.png United Netherlandsball, and Kingdom of Prussia-icon.png Prussiaball at the Battle of Waterloo, on the 18th of June 1815.

    Aftermath[edit | edit source]

    Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball tried to escape after the battle was lost, but was captured by British Empire-icon.png UKball, and this time it had its Napoleonic-icon.png Bonapartist parts taken to Saint Helena-icon.png St Helenaball's clay, where they died in 1821. The Second Treaty of Paris saw New France-icon.png Franceball become a constitutional monarchy for the second time, and it also had to pay for the costs of the Allied armies of the Seventh Coalition. The Congress of Vienna-icon.png Viennaball was temporarily set up to redraw the borders of Europe, forming the German Confederation-icon.png German Confederationball, and reducing New France-icon.png Franceball's clay to it's 1792 borders. The Concert of Europe was also set up to improve European affairs, a predecessor to EU-icon.png EUball, but it fell apart in the mid-nineteenth century.

    France-icon.png Franceball was weakened after the wars, but they catapulted British Empire-icon.png UKball to become the world's sole superpower in the Pax Brittanica throughout the nineteenth century, until World War I. Napoleonic-icon.png Franceball's Bonapartist instincts would come again in 1852, when it would become the France-icon.png Second French Empireball for a couple of decades. Kingdom of Prussia-icon.png Prussiaball began attempts to unify the other German Confederation-icon.png German Stateballs into German Empire-icon.png Imperial Germanyball, and finally the wars saw immigration to USA-icon.png USAball's clay, helping him manifest destiny in the coming years and become a superpower. The ideals of the original French First Republic-icon.png French Revolution were brought back to life in the various revolutions of the 19th and early 20th centuries, and liberty and equality became sought after by many countryballs thereafter, even now, 200 years after the Battle of Waterloo. Meanwhile Napoleonic-icon.png France's only ally Napoleonic Kingdom of Naples-icon.png Naplesball got defeated at the Battle of Tolentino (2-3 May 1815), which is similar to the Battle of Waterloo, by an outnumbered Austrian Empire-icon.png Austrian army.

    Belligerents[edit | edit source]

    First Coalition (1792-97)[edit | edit source]

    Second Coalition (1798-1802)[edit | edit source]

    Third Coalition (1803-05/6)[edit | edit source]

    Fourth Coalition (1806-09)[edit | edit source]

    Fifth Coalition (1809-1812)[edit | edit source]

    Sixth Coalition (1813-1814)[edit | edit source]

    Seventh Coalition (1815)[edit | edit source]

    Napoleonic domains (fought against most of the above coalitions)[edit | edit source]

    Various German petty states[edit | edit source]

    The numerous German States include, but are not limited to, the following. Some allied with Franceball at some point or another, but most fought in the coalitions. They passed into HRE-icon.png HREball, Sierra Leone-icon.png Rhine Confederationball and Germany-icon.png German Confederationball.

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    War-Template-1.gif War-Template-1.gif ⚔ War, war never changes... ⚔ War-Template-2.gif War-Template-2.gif
    Ancient and Old Wars (4000 BCE-1870)
    Ancient/Classical (3000 BCE-500 CE) Trojan WarWars of Alexander the GreatPunic WarsSack of Rome
    Medieval (500 CE-1500) Early Muslim ConquestsNorman conquest of EnglandCrusadesMongol InvasionFall of ConstantinopleWar of the BucketHundred Years WarGenpei War
    Early modern (1500-1870) American Indian WarsThree Hundred and Thirty Five Years' WarSeven Years WarAmerican Revolutionary WarNapoleonic WarsUruguayan Civil WarWar of 1812Opium WarsAmerican Civil WarAustro-Prussian WarFrench intervention in MexicoTexas RevolutionMexican-American WarParaguayan War
    Contemporary (1870-2023)
    Pre-World War I Era (1870-1914) Franco-Prussian WarBoxer RebellionBoer WarsWar of the PacificThe Congo GenocideAnglo-Zanzibar WarSpanish-American WarRusso-Japanese War
    World Wars and the Interwar Period (1914-1945) World War IArmenian GenocideRussian RevolutionRussian Civil WarIrish War of IndependenceHolodomorChaco WarEmu WarSpanish Civil WarWinter WarTurkish War of IndependenceWorld War II
    Cold War (1945-1991) Indo-Pakistani WarsInternal conflict in MyanmarChinese Civil WarArab–Israeli conflictKorean WarCuban RevolutionTaiwan Strait CrisisXinjiang ConflictVietnam WarCuban Missile CrisisFootball WarSix-Day WarEthiopian Civil WarAngolan Civil WarThe TroublesKurdish-Turkish ConflictIran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflictWestern Sahara conflictSoviet-Afghan WarFalklands WarGulf War
    Post-Cold War (1991-2023) Yugoslav WarsFirst Congo WarSecond Congo WarAfghan WarWar on TerrorIraq WarBoko Haram insurgencyArab Spring (Syrian Civil War) • Crisis in VenezuelaWar in Iraq (2013-2017)War in DonbassYemeni Civil War (2015-present)Nicaragua Protests (2018-present)Tigray Military Intervention2020-2021 Belarusian protests2021 Russian Protests2021 Myanmar protests2021 Greek protests2020 Artsakh War2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
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