It is defined by a sector originating at the South Pole, passing along longitudes 160° east to 150° west, and terminating at latitude 60° south. It is claimed by New Zealand. Since the Antarctic Treaty came into force in 1961, Article IV of which states: "No acts or activities taking place while the present Treaty is in force shall constitute a basis for asserting, supporting or denying a claim to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica or create any rights of sovereignty in Antarctica", most countries do not recognise territorial claims in Antarctica.
The Dependency takes its name from Sir James Clark Ross, who discovered the Ross Sea, and includes part of Victoria Land, and most of the Ross Ice Shelf. Ross Island, Balleny Islands and the small Scott Island also form part of the Dependency, as does the ice-covered Roosevelt Island.
Following his discovery of Victoria Land in 1841, James Clark Ross took possession of this territory, along with the surrounding sea, on behalf of the UKball. On 30 July 1923, the British Government passed an Order in Council under the British Settlements Act 1887, which defined the current borders of the Ross Dependency as follows:
The Order in Council then went on to appoint the Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of New Zealandball as the Governor of the territory. This Order in Council was published in the New Zealand Gazette on 16 August 1923, and on 14 November 1923, the Governor-General issued regulations extending New Zealand law to the Ross Dependency.
After the Order in Council was read in the New Zealand House of Representatives by the Prime Minister of New Zealand William Massey, a clarification was made by the Attorney-General Sir Francis Bell in the legislative council. Sir Francis stated that:
It has been said that the Order in Council contained no suggestion of a transfer to New Zealand of the United Kingdom's claim, but the fact remains that the territory is administered by the Government of New Zealand. Technically, the claim is that of the Queen and it can exercise it through any of its governments.
At an Imperial conference in 1930, it was agreed that the Governors-General of the Dominions would be appointed by the King on the advice of the Dominion in question. And following the passing of the Statute of Westminster in 1931 (which was adopted in full by New Zealand in 1947), the Government of the United Kingdom relinquished all control over government of New Zealand. This however had no bearing on the obligations of the Governor-General of New Zealand in his capacity as Governor of the Ross Dependency on the appointment of Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom. Then in the year 1959, the Antarctic Treaty was signed by twelve nations which included both the United Kingdom and New Zealand.
How to draw
Ross Dependencyball is almost like New Zealandball, so draw circle, fill will light blue, draw white X and cross in corner, make a smaller X and cross in red, draw 4 white dots in southern cross shape, draw smaller red dots in dots, draw white bar at bottom, give eyes, draw googles over eyes, and draw scarf (whatever design you want, Rossball has a whole house full of scarves)
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|Claimings on it||British Antarctic Territory ( UKball) • Ross Dependencyball ( New Zealandball) • Adélie Land ( Franceball) • Peter I Island ( Norwayball) • Australian Antarctic Territory ( Australiaball) • Queen Maud Land ( Norwayball) • Chilean Antarctic Territory ( Chileball) • Argentine Antarctica ( Argentinaball)|
|Possible Future Claimings||USA Antarctic Territoryball ( USAball) • Russian Antarctic Territoryball ( Russiaball) • Brazilian Antarctic Territoryball ( Brazilball) • Uruguayan Antartctic Territoryball ( Uruguayball)|
|Former Claimings||New Swabia ( Nazi Germanyball) • Yamato Yukiharaball ( Empire of Japanball) • Spanish Antarctic Territoryball ( Spanish Empireball)|
|Micronations||Federation of Atlantisball • Flandrensisball • Talossaball • Westarcticaball|
|Unclaimed Regions||Marie Byrd Landball|
|Regions||Northlandball • Aucklandball • Waikatoball • Bay of Plentyball • Gisborneball • Hawke's Bayball • Taranakiball • Manawatu-Wanganuiball • Wellingtonball ( Wellingtonball) • Tasmanball • Nelsonball • Marlboroughball • West Coastball • Canterburyball • Otagoball • Southlandball|
|Associated states||Cook Islandsball • Niueball|
|Dependencies||Tokelauball • Ross Dependencyball|
|Former entities||Maoriball • United Tribes of New Zealandball • British New Zealandball|