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    Juan Fernandez Islandsball

    Juan Fernandez-icon.png Juan Fernandez Islandsball is a special territoryball next to Easter Island-icon.png Easter Islandball and are owned by Chile-icon.png Chileball, he is not recognized much as a territory by others, so that is why he is very lonely. Reliant on tourism and fishing. Situated 670 km (362 nmi; 416 mi) off the coast of Chile, they are composed of three main volcanic islands: Robinson Crusoe, Alejandro Selkirk and Santa Clara, it also includes other islands collectively known as the Desventuradas islands (San Félix, Islote González, San Ambrosio, Roca Catedral). The group is part of Insular Chile. The group of islands is part of Chile's Valparaíso Region (which also includes Easter Island and Isla Salas y Gómez) forms one of the nine communes of Valparaíso Province. The islands are named after Juan Fernández, the explorer who discovered them in the 1570s.

    History

    The archipelago was discovered on 22 November 1574, by the Spanish-icon.png Spanish sailor Juan Fernández, who was sailing south between Callao and Valparaíso along a route which he also discovered, hundreds of miles west of the coast of Chile, which avoided the northerly Humboldt current. He called the islands Más Afuera, Más a Tierra, and Santa Clara. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the islands were used as a hideout for pirates and became the location of a penal colony. After Chilean independance it became a special territory.



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