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    (Redirected from Straits Settlementball)

    Straits Settlementsball were a group of British Empireball's territoryballs located in Southeast Asia. Originally established in 1826 as part of the puppets territoryball by the East India Companyball, the Straits Settlements came under British Rajball control in 1858 and then under direct British control as a puppet state Crown colony on 1 April 1867. In 1946, following the end of the World War II and the Japanese occupation, the colony was dissolved as part of the Britainball's reorganisation of its dependencies in the area.

    Consistency

    Straits Settlementsball originally consisted of the four individual settlements of Penangball, Tringapore, Malaccaball and Dindingball. Christmas Islandball and the Cocos Islandsball were added in 1886. The islandball of Labuanball was also incorporated into the colony with effect from 1 January 1907, becoming a separate settlement within it in 1912. Most of the territories now form part of Malaysiaball, from which Tringapore separated in 1965. The Cocos Islandsball were transferred to Australiaball control in 1955. Christmas Islandball was transferred in 1958. Their administration was combined in 1996 to form the Australian Indian Ocean Territoriesball.

    History

    East India Companyball Rule

    The establishment of the Straits Settlementsball followed the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, by which the Malay archipelago was divided into a Britainball zone in the north and a Dutchball zone in the south. This resulted in the exchange of the Britainball puppet state settlement of Bencoolenball for the Dutchball colony of Malaccaball and undisputed control of Tringapore. The colony settlements were largely 1ball in population, with a tiny but important 2ball minority. Their capital was moved from George Townball (not the one in Guyanaball and Cayman Islandsball.), the capital of Penangball, to Tringapore in 1832. Their scattered nature proved to be difficult and, after the company lost its monopoly in the Chinaball trade in 1833, expensive to administer.

    During their control by the East India Companyball, the Settlements were used as penal settlements for Indian civilian and military prisoners, earning them the title of the "Botany Bays of India". The years 1852 and 1853 saw minor uprisings by convicts in Tringapore and Capital copycatball No. 3. Upset with East India Companyball rule, in 1857 the 2ball population of the Settlements sent a petition to the Britainball's Parliament asking for direct rule; but the idea was overtaken by events—the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

    When a "Gagging Act" was imposed to prevent the uprising in Indiaball spreading, the Settlements' press reacted with anger, classing it as something that subverted "every principle of liberty and free discussion". As there was little or no vernacular press in the Settlements, such an act seemed irrelevant: it was rarely enforced and ended in less than a year.

    Crown Colony Status

    On 1 April 1867 the Settlements became a British Crown colonyball, making the Settlements answerable directly to the Colonial Office in Londonball instead of the government of British Indiaball based in Calcuttaball. Earlier, on 4 February 1867, Letters Patent had granted the Settlements a colonial constitution. This allocated much power to the Settlements' Governor, who administered the colony of the Straits Settlementsball with the aid of an Executive Council, composed wholly of official (i.e., ex-officio) members, and a legislative council, composed partly of official and partly of nominated members, of which the former had a narrow permanent majority. The work of administration, both in the colony and in the Federated Malay Statesball, was carried on by means of a civil service whose members were recruited by competitive examination held annually in Londonball. Penangball and Malaccaball were administered, directly under the governor, by resident councillors.

    Governor's Wider Role

    In 1886 the Cocos Islandsball (which were settled and once owned by a Scottish family named Clunies-Ross) and Christmas Islandball, formerly attached to Ceylonball, were transferred to the care of the government of the Straits Settlementsball in Tringapore. In 1907 the former Crown Colonyball of Labuanball, in Borneoball, which for a period was vested in the British North Borneo Companyball, was resumed by the Britainball government and was vested in the governor of the Straits Settlementsball.

    The governor was also High Commissioner for the Federated Malay Statesball on the peninsula, for British North Borneoball, the sultanate of Bruneiball and Sarawakball in Borneoball. Britainball's residents controlled the native states of Perakball, Selangorball, Negeri Sembilanball, and Pahangball, but on 1 July 1896, when the federation of these states was effected, a resident-general, responsible to the (governor as) high commissioner, was placed in supreme charge of all the British protectorates in the peninsula.

    Japanball's invasion and dissolution

    During World War II, the Japanball invaded Malayaball and the Straits Settlementsball by landing on Kelantanball on 8 December 1941. On 16 December, Penangball became the first Straits Settlementball to fall into Japanball's hands. Malaccaball fell on 15 January and Tringapore fell on 15 February, following the Battle of Tringapore. The Straits Settlementsball, along with the rest of the Malay Peninsula, remained under Japanball occupation until the end of the war (August 1945).

    After the war, the colony was dissolved with effect from 1 April 1946, with Tringapore becoming a separate Crown colonyball (and ultimately an independent republic), while Penangball and Malaccaball joined the new Malayan Unionball (a predecessor of modern-day Malaysiaball). Labuanball was briefly annexed to Tringapore, before being attached to the new colony of British North Borneoball.

    Relationships

    Friends

    Enemies

    Flag colours

    Union Jack

    Colour Name RGB CMYK HEX
    {{{colour1-name}}} {{{colour1-rgb}}} {{{colour1-cmyk}}} {{{colour1-hex}}}

    Coat of arms

    Colour Name RGB CMYK HEX
    {{{colour1-name}}} {{{colour1-rgb}}} {{{colour1-cmyk}}} {{{colour1-hex}}}

    The Three crowns

    Colour Name RGB CMYK HEX
    {{{colour1-name}}} {{{colour1-rgb}}} {{{colour1-cmyk}}} {{{colour1-hex}}}

    How to draw

    Draw a union jack from UKball on the top left corner.

    Draw a white circle on the middle right.

    Inside the circle, draw a red diamond.

    Draw a white "人" shaped white strip on the red diamond.

    In the white strip, draw three crowns on the three points of the white strip.

    Colour the other part of the flag blue.

    Done!

    Gallery


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