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    Zhu Qinball or simply Qinball, later known as Zhu Hanball or simply Hanball, was an short-lived empire proclaimed by general Zhu Ci (朱泚) in Chang'anball during the Jingyuan Mutiny (涇原兵變) against Tangball. Zhu Qinball was re-anschlussed by Tangball in 784.



    Zhu Ci (朱泚)

    Prior to rebelling, Zhu Ci was the Jiedushi of Tangball's Lulong Circuit (Based in Beijingball). Upon his ascension, Zhu was the first Jiedushi of Lulong Circuit since the end of the An-Shi rebellion to send manpower to Tangball, protecting the empire against Tibetan invasions. Zhu was greatly rewarded for his show of obeisance[1] and later became a trusted official of Tangball's Emperor Daizong.[2]

    Later, while stationed at Fengxiang, Shaanxiball, Zhu was implicated in a plot began by his brother (Zhu Tao (朱滔)). Zhu Ci was cleared of involvement, but confined to Chang'anball from then on.[3]

    Jingyuan Mutiny (涇原兵變)

    In 783, troops from Jingyuan Circuit, ( Gansuball, were recalled to Chang'anball. These 5000 soldiers subsequently mutinied upon receiving meager rewards, attacked Chang'anball, and forced Tangball's Emperor Dezong to evacuate to Fengtianball. The troops named the semi-retired Zhu Ci as their leader.[4]

    Initially, Zhu Ci declared the Jingyuan soldiers pacified, and requested officials who fled Chang'anball to return to the capital.[5] Despite this order, Zhu was reluctant to recall Emperor Dezong, and instead conspired to enthrone himself.


    In late 783, Zhu Ci claimed emperorship and established Zhu Qinball in Chang'anball. Immediately after its establishment, Zhu Qinball attempted to siege Fengtianball, but was forced to lift the siege under pressure from other Tangball generals.[6] After this failure, Zhu Qinball was renamed to (Zhu) Hanball.[7]


    In 784, Zhu Qinball convinced Tang general Li Huaiguang (李懷光) to rebel against Tangball,[8] which prolonged the collapse of Zhu Qinball for a few months. Notwithstanding discord among Tangball's ranks, Zhu Ci was convinced to abandon Chang'anball in June of 784, choosing to flee towards Tibetball.[9]

    En route however, Zhu was killed by his subordinates, and the rest of the forces previously under his control all surrendered to Tangball, abolishing Zhu Qinball.[10]



    How To Draw

    Drawing Zhu Qinball is very simple.

    1. Draw a black outline of a circle.
    2. Fill it Yellow.
    3. Draw a second white circle inside of the first.
    4. Add the Chinese character for Qin (秦) or Han (漢) inside of the white portion. You can also write the characters for Zhu Qinball (朱秦) or Zhu Qinball (朱漢) to distinguish it from other Qinballs and Hanballs in Chinese History.
    5. Add two slant eyes and you've finished.
    6. Optional: Draw appropriate hatwear.


    1. 《资治通鉴·唐纪四十一》:辛丑,宴泚及将士于延英殿,犒赏之盛,近时未有。
    2. https://baike.baidu.com/item/朱泚
    3. 《旧唐书·朱泚传》:朱滔将反叛,阴使人与泚计议,以帛书纳蜡丸中,置发髻间。河东节度马燧搜获之,以闻,并送帛书及所遣使。泚惶惧,顿首乞归罪有司。上勉之曰:“千里不同谋,非卿之过。”三年四月,以张镒代泚为凤翔陇右节度留后,留泚京师,加实封至一千户,与一子正员官,其幽州卢龙节度、太尉、中书令并如故。
    4. 《旧唐书·朱泚传》:四年十月,泾原兵叛,銮驾幸奉天。叛卒等以泚尝统泾州,知其失权废居,怏怏思乱。群寇无帅,幸泚政宽,乃相与谋曰:“朱太尉久囚空宅,若迎而为主,事必济矣!”姚令言乃率百余骑迎泚于晋昌里第。泚乘马拥从北向,烛炬星罗,观者万计,入居含元殿。明日,移处白华殿,但称太尉。朝官有谒泚者,悉劝奉迎銮驾,既不合泚意,皆逡巡而退。
    5. 《资治通鉴》(vol.228)
    6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhu_Ci
    7. 朱绍侯、齐涛、王育济.《中国古代史(上册)》 第5版.福州.福建人民出版社.2010年.第583-585页
    8. 《旧唐书·朱泚传》:二月,李怀光既图叛逆,遣使与泚通和。銮驾幸梁、洋,自此衣冠之潜匿者,出受伪官十七八焉。怀光初与泚往复通好甚密,以钱谷金帛互相馈遗。泚与书,事之如兄,约云:“削平关中,当割据山河,永为邻国。”及怀光决计背叛,逼乘舆迁幸,泚乃下伪诏书,待怀光以臣礼,仍征兵马。
    9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhu_Ci
    10. 《旧唐书·朱泚传》:梁庭芬既求宰相不得,不复往泾州,从泚至宁州彭原县西城屯,复与泚心腹朱惟孝共射泚。泚走坠故窖中。泚左右韩旻、薛纶、高幽嵓、武震、朱进卿、董希芝共斩泚,使宋膺传首以献。泚死时年四十三。

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