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    Not to be confused with the earlier Liangball, which is also referred to as Xiao Liangball and Southern Liangball.

    Xiao Liangball, alternatively Southern Liangball, or simply Liangball was a short-lived empire proclaimed by Xiao Xian (蕭銑) in Balingball during the collapse of Suiball. Xiao Liangball was established in an attempt to restore the Xiao dynasty of Western Liangball to power.

    At its largest territorial extent, Xiao Liangball held suzerainty over parts of Hunanball, Hubeiball, and Guangxiball. In 621, Xiao Liangball was anschlussed by Tangball.



    Despite Suiball's achievements, its populace grew increasingly restless day by day as Suiball continued to conscript more men into perilous wars against Goguryeoball. Agrarian revolts became so organised and frequent enough, that, by 614, Suiball's forces could not reliably defeat them.[1]

    The nonperformance of Suiball's army marked the rise of various prominent local warlords, like Xiao Xian, Xiao Liangball's founder and first emperor. Xiao was the great-grandson of the last ruler of Western Liangball, but because his lineage was not favoured by Chenball, grew up poor. Regardless, through matrilineal ties, Xiao was given the position of magistrate of Luochuanball.[2]

    Breakup With Suiball

    In 617, a group of generals intending to rebel against Suiball requested Xiao's leadership. Xiao accepted, and began raising an army.[3] That winter, Xiao proclaimed himself Prince of Liangball (梁王).[4]

    In 618, Xiao attacked Lin Chuball and occupied Yuzhangball (modern Nanchangball), forcing Lin Chuball's emperor (Lin Shihong (林士弘)) to flee.[5]


    That summer, Xiao finally claimed emperorship and established Xiao Liangball. Xiao Liangball's capital was moved to Jianglingball shortly after, with many of Suiball's governors submitting to Xiao Liangball in following months. In 619, Xiao Liangball attacked Tangball in Sichuanball but was repulsed.

    Xiao eventually grew fearful about the power the generals beneath him held, so withdrew wholehearted support from Xiao Liangball's military, causing military stagnation. In 620, Xiao Liangball fought an indecisive battle against Tangball for control over Changshaball.[6]

    Defeat & Destruction

    In 621, Tangball devised a plan to conquer Xiao Liangball, attacking the latter through Hubeiball and Chongqingball. In the winter, Tangball attacked Xiao Liangball again, catching Xiao Liangball's generals off guard.

    Tangball surrounded Xiao Liangball's capital of Jianglingball and tricked Xiao Xian into believing that his situation was hopeless: Despite Jianglingball's reinforcements fast-approaching, Xiao surrendered.[7]

    After surrendering, Xiao was executed and Xiao Liangball was destroyed. Most of the remainder of Xiao Liangball's armies were absorbed by Lin Chuball.[8]



    How To Draw

    Drawing Xiao Liangball is very simple.

    1. Draw a black outline of a circle.
    2. Fill it Yellow.
    3. Draw a second white circle inside of the first.
    4. Add the Chinese character for Liang (梁) inside of the white portion. You can also write the characters for Xiao Liangball (蕭梁) or Southern Liangball (南梁) to distinguish Xiao Liangball from other Liangballs in Chinese History.
    5. Add two slant eyes and you've finished.
    6. Optional: Draw appropriate hatwear.



    1. “Emperor Yang of Sui.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 4 May 2024‎‎, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Yang_of_Sui
    2. Liu Xu, et al. Old Book of Tang. vol. 56, Biography 6: “蕭銑,後梁宣帝曾孫也。祖巖,隋開皇初叛隋降於陳,陳亡,為文帝所誅。銑少孤貧,傭書自給,事母以孝聞。煬帝時,以外戚擢授羅川令。”
    3. Ouyang Xiu, et al. New Book of Tang. vol. 87, Biography 12.
    4. Ouyang Xiu, et al. New Book of Tang. vol. 87, Biography 12:“義寧二年,僭稱皇帝,署百官,一用梁故事。”
    5. Ouyang Xiu, et al. New Book of Tang. vol. 87, Biography 12:“時林士弘據江南,銑遣將蘇胡兒拔豫章,使楊道生取南郡,張繡略定嶺表。西至三峽,南交趾,北距漢水,皆附屬,勝兵四十萬。”
    6. “Xiao Xian.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 4 May 2024‎‎, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiao_Xian
    7. Ouyang Xiu, et al. New Book of Tang. vol. 87, Biography 12.
    8. Sima Guang, et al. Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 190: “萧铣既败,散兵多归林士弘,军势复振。”

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