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    Western Shuball, Qiao Shuball, or simply Shuball was a short-lived regime established by Qiao Zong (譙縱) in Sichuanball during Chinaball's Sixteen Kingdoms period.

    Western Shuball broke away from Jinball's rule as early as 405, and submitted to Later Qinball in 409. Qiao was subsequently recognised as Prince of Shuball (蜀王). Western Shuball was anschlussed by Liu Songball in 413.

    History

    Background

    Before considering rebellion, Qiao was born in Brazilball Baxi Commandery, Nanchongball.[1] Qiao was apparently humble and cautious, nonetheless a celebrated figure in his home county, as documented in both the Zizhi Tongjian and the Book of Jin.[2]

    In 404, Huan Xuan attempted to usurp Jinball and establish Huan Chuball in its place, but failed due to low support. In response, Jinball's military embarked on a general campaign to defeat Huan's remaining strongholds. In 405, Qiao led a quadrant of a larger army on one of these campaigns.[3]

    Establishment

    The campaigns were unpopular with the soldiers, so they mutinied. The mutineers asked Qiao to lead their mutiny, but Qiao refused and threw himself into water. After being dragged out of the water, the mutineers continued their overtures. While Qiao tried again to respectfully refuse, he was completely overruled and bound to a carriage.[4] The mutineers executed other Jinball officers and began exerting independence.

    For the next few years, Western Shuball fought over control of Sichuanball with Liu Songball. Western Shuball submitted to Later Qinball in 407.

    In 409, Qiao Zong was acknowledged as Prince of Shuball (蜀王), and was delivered the nine bestowments by Later Qinball's Emperor.[5]

    Defeat & Abolishment

    In 413, Liu Songball commenced another campaign against Western Shuball. This time, Liu Songball spread false information regarding the invasion, and took Western Shuball by complete surprise. Qiao abandoned Chengduball and rendezvoused with his cousin, Qiao Daofu (譙道福). After being chastised[6] for retreating from Western Shuball's capital, Qiao Zong committed suicide.[7]

    Qiao Daofu took control of the remaining armies loyal to Western Shuball and attempted to resist further, but was intercepted by invading Liu Songball forces and executed.[8]

    Relationships

    Friends

    Enemies

    How To Draw

    Western Shuball has a drawing rating of easy.

    Drawing Western Shuball is very simple.

    1. Draw a black outline of a circle.
    2. Fill it Yellow.
    3. Draw a second white circle inside of the first.
    4. Add the Chinese character for Shu () inside of the white portion. You can also write the characters for Western Shu (西蜀) or Qiao Shu (譙蜀) instead, in order to distinguish Western Shuball from other Shuballs in Chinese History.
    5. Add two slant eyes and you've finished.
    6. Optional: Draw appropriate hatwear.

    References

    1. Fang Xuanling, et al. Book of Jin. vol. 100, Biographies 70: “譙縱,巴西南充人也。”
    2. The verbatim text is『蜀人愛之』or “The people of Shu/Sichuan (Yi Province) cherished him.”
    3. Sima Guang, et al. Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 114: “初,毛璩聞桓振陷江陵,帥眾三萬順流東下,將討之,使其弟西夷校尉瑾、蜀郡太守瑗出外水,參軍巴西譙縱、侯暉出涪水。”
    4. Sima Guang, et al. Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 114: “暉、昧共逼縱為主,縱不可,走投於水;引出,以兵逼縱登輿,縱又投地,叩頭固辭,暉縛縱於輿。”
    5. Sima Guang, et al. Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 115: “秦王興遣使冊拜譙縱為大都督、相國、蜀王,加九錫,承製封拜,悉如王者之儀。”
    6. Sima Guang, et al. Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 116: “道福見縱,怒曰:「大丈夫有如此功業而棄之,將安歸乎!人誰不死,何怯之甚也!」因投縱以劍,中其馬鞍。”
    7. Fang Xuanling, et al. Book of Jin. vol. 100, Biographies 70: “(譙)縱去之,乃自縊。”
    8. Sima Guang, et al. Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 116: “道福謂其眾曰:「蜀之存亡,實繫於我,不在譙王。今我在,猶足一戰。」眾皆許諾。道福盡散金帛以賜眾,眾受之而走。道福逃於獠中,巴民杜瑾執送之,斬於軍門。”


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