The Transition from Ming to Qing, also known as the Ming-Qing transition, or the Manchu conquest of China was an military conflict from 1618 to 1683 which caused the fall of Mingball and the Rise of Qingball.
After 2-3 decades of tensions between early Qingball (Jianzhou tribes) and Mingball, because of broken promises along with favoring enemy clans and abuse of power. These tensions united the Jianzhou Tribes into Later Jinball in 1616. The armies of Later Jinball were diverse, big, and disciplined. Two years later, Jianzhou chieftain Nurhaci published the "Seven Grievances" (Manchu: Nadan Koro).
Seven Grievances and Declaration of War
The Seven Grievances were effectively a declaration of war against the Ming. Many Han Chinese defectors who were displeased with the Ming Dynasty came to the newly named Qing Dynasty and were greatly influential to the outcome of the war. These were the Seven Grievances:
- Mingball killed Later Jinball's father and grandfather.
- Mingball suppressed Later Jinball and favored enemy clans.
- Mingball violated agreements of territory with Later Jinball
- Mingball sent troops to protect the enemy clans.
- Mingball supported enemy clans, breaking promise with Later Jinball.
- Mingball forced Later Jinball to give up land.
- Mingball abused his power and went rogue against his people.
Battle of Fushun
After the Seven Grievances was declared, Later Jinball would set out his journey with 20,000 men to capture Fushunball as he was departing from Hetu Alaball. Heavy rains hampered their movement, but the army made quick progress, and arrived at Fushunball on the 9th of May.