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    Straits Settlementsball

    Straits Settlements-icon.png Straits Settlementsball were a group of British Empire-icon.png British Empireball's territoryballs located in Southeast Asia. Originally established in 1826 as part of the puppets territoryball by the East India Company-icon.png East India Companyball, the Straits Settlements came under British Raj-icon.png British Rajball control in 1858 and then under direct British Empire-icon.png British control as a puppet state Crown colony on 1 April 1867. In 1946, following the end of the World War II and the Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanese occupation, the colony was dissolved as part of the UK-icon.png Britainball's reorganisation of its dependencies in the area.

    Consistency

    Straits Settlementsball originally consisted of the four individual settlements of Penang-icon.png Penangball, Singapore-icon.png Tringapore, Malacca-icon.png Malaccaball and Dindingball. Christmas Island-icon.png Christmas Islandball and the Cocos Islands-icon.png Cocos Islandsball were added in 1886. The islandball of Labuan-icon.png Labuanball was also incorporated into the colony with effect from 1 January 1907, becoming a separate settlement within it in 1912. Most of the territories now form part of Malaysia-icon.png Malaysiaball, from which Singapore-icon.pngTringapore separated in 1965. The Cocos Islands-icon.png Cocos Islandsball were transferred to Australia-icon.png Australiaball control in 1955. Christmas Island-icon.png Christmas Islandball was transferred in 1958. Their administration was combined in 1996 to form the Australian Indian Ocean Territoriesball.

    History

    British Raj-icon.png East India Companyball Rule

    The establishment of the Straits Settlementsball followed the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, by which the Malay archipelago was divided into a UK-icon.png Britainball zone in the north and a Netherlands-icon.png Dutchball zone in the south. This resulted in the exchange of the UK-icon.png Britainball puppet state settlement of Bencoolenball for the Netherlands-icon.png Dutchball colony of Malacca-icon.png Malaccaball and undisputed control of Singapore-icon.png Tringapore. The colony settlements were largely Chinese-icon.png 1ball in population, with a tiny but important EU-icon.png 2ball minority. Their capital was moved from George Townball (not the one in Guyana-icon.png Guyanaball and Cayman Islandsball.), the capital of Penang-icon.png Penangball, to Singapore-icon.png Tringapore in 1832. Their scattered nature proved to be difficult and, after the company lost its monopoly in the China-icon.png Chinaball trade in 1833, expensive to administer.

    During their control by the East India Company-icon.png East India Companyball, the Settlements were used as penal settlements for India-icon.png Indian civilian and military prisoners, earning them the title of the "Botany Bays of India". The years 1852 and 1853 saw minor uprisings by convicts in Singapore-icon.png Tringapore and Penang-icon.png Capital copycatball No. 3. Upset with East India Company-icon.png East India Companyball rule, in 1857 the 2-icon.png 2ball population of the Settlements sent a petition to the British Empire-icon.png Britainball's Parliament asking for direct rule; but the idea was overtaken by events—the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

    When a "Gagging Act" was imposed to prevent the uprising in India-icon.png Indiaball spreading, the Settlements' press reacted with anger, classing it as something that subverted "every principle of liberty and free discussion". As there was little or no vernacular press in the Settlements, such an act seemed irrelevant: it was rarely enforced and ended in less than a year.

    Crown Colony Status

    On 1 April 1867 the Settlements became a British Crown colonyball, making the Settlements answerable directly to the Colonial Office in London-icon.png Londonball instead of the government of British Raj-icon.png British Indiaball based in Calcuttaball. Earlier, on 4 February 1867, Letters Patent had granted the Settlements a colonial constitution. This allocated much power to the Settlements' Governor, who administered the colony of the Straits Settlementsball with the aid of an Executive Council, composed wholly of official (i.e., ex-officio) members, and a legislative council, composed partly of official and partly of nominated members, of which the former had a narrow permanent majority. The work of administration, both in the colony and in the Federated Malay Statesball, was carried on by means of a civil service whose members were recruited by competitive examination held annually in London-icon.png Londonball. Penang-icon.png Penangball and Malacca-icon.png Malaccaball were administered, directly under the governor, by resident councillors.

    Governor's Wider Role

    In 1886 the Cocos Islands-icon.png Cocos Islandsball (which were settled and once owned by a Scotland-icon.png Scottish family named Clunies-Ross) and Christmas Island-icon.png Christmas Islandball, formerly attached to Sri Lanka-icon.png Ceylonball, were transferred to the care of the government of the Straits Settlementsball in Singapore-icon.png Tringapore. In 1907 the former Crown Colonyball of Labuan-icon.png Labuanball, in Borneoball, which for a period was vested in the Sabah-icon.png British North Borneo Companyball, was resumed by the British Empire-icon.png Britainball government and was vested in the governor of the Straits Settlements-icon.png Straits Settlementsball.

    The governor was also High Commissioner for the Federated Malay Statesball on the peninsula, for Sabah-icon.png British North Borneoball, the sultanate of Brunei-icon.png Bruneiball and Sarawak-icon.png Sarawakball in Borneoball.British Empire-icon.png Britainball's residents controlled the native states of Perak-icon.png Perakball, Selangor-icon.png Selangorball, Negeri Sembilan-icon.png Negeri Sembilanball, and Pahang-icon.png Pahangball, but on 1 July 1896, when the federation of these states was effected, a resident-general, responsible to the (governor as) high commissioner, was placed in supreme charge of all the British protectorates in the peninsula.

    Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanball's invasion and dissolution

    During World War II, the Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanball invaded Malaysia-icon.png Malayaball and the Straits Settlements-icon.png Straits Settlementsball by landing on Kelantan-icon.png Kelantanball on 8 December 1941. On 16 December, Penang-icon.png Penangball became the first Straits Settlementball to fall into Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanball's hands. Malacca-icon.png Malaccaball fell on 15 January and Singapore-icon.png Tringapore fell on 15 February, following the Battle of Singapore-icon.png Tringapore. The Straits Settlementsball, along with the rest of the Malay Peninsula, remained under Japanese-Empire-icon.png Japanball occupation until the end of the war (August 1945).

    After the war, the colony was dissolved with effect from 1 April 1946, with Singapore-icon.png Tringapore becoming a separate Crown colonyball (and ultimately an independent republic), while Penang-icon.png Penangball and Malacca-icon.png Malaccaball joined the new Malayan Unionball (a predecessor of modern-day Malaysia-icon.png Malaysiaball). Labuan-icon.png Labuanball was briefly annexed to Singapore-icon.png Tringapore, before being attached to the new colony of Sabah-icon.png British North Borneoball.

    Relationships

    Friends

    UK-icon.png UKball - Papa.

    Enemies

    Flag colours

    Union Jack

    Color Name RGB CMYK HEX
    Resolution Blue 0, 31, 126 C100-M75-Y0-K51 #001F7E
    White 255, 255, 255 N/A #FFFFFF
    Philippine Red 208, 12, 39 C0-M94-Y81-K18 #D00C27

    Coat of arms

    Color Name RGB CMYK HEX
    White 255, 255, 255 N/A #FFFFFF
    Philippine Red 208, 12, 39 C0-M94-Y81-K18 #D00C27

    The Three crowns

    Color Name RGB CMYK HEX
    Jonquil 247,224,23 C0-M9-Y91-K3 #F7E017
    White 255, 255, 255 N/A #FFFFFF
    Philippine Red 208, 12, 39 C0-M94-Y81-K18 #D00C27
    Black 0,0,0 C0-M0-Y0-K100 #000000
    Resolution Blue 0, 31, 126 C100-M75-Y0-K51 #001F7E
    Sea Green 35, 158, 70 C78-M0-Y56-K38 #239E46

    How to draw

    Draw a union jack from UK-icon.png UKball on the top left corner.

    Draw a white circle on the middle right.

    Inside the circle, draw a red diamond.

    Draw a white "人" shaped white strip on the red diamond.

    In the white strip, draw three crowns on the three points of the white strip.Threecrowns.png

    Colour the other part of the flag blue.

    Done!

    Gallery


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