The Second Spanish Republic was established in 1931 in the aftermath of social unease and increased opposition to the monarchy from failed policies, support for liberal policies, and the failed war of attrition against Moroccoball. The republic sought to create a modern, secular democratic republic for all of Spain, but the reforms were slow and slowed down even more as a result of the Great Depression. Right wingers got into power briefly, but they were defeated by the Popular Front, a coalition of leftist political parties and elements in Spain and these elements formed their own government known as Nationalist Spain and in 1936, the civil war began after an attempted coup by the Nationalists failed against the Republican government.
The Republican faction varied from supporters of the Liberal Democracy in Spain to Anarchists and Communists who were opposed to it but hated Fascism more, uniting them with Liberals and moderates in their hatred of Fascism.
The Nationalist faction was mostly centered around Far Right views like Fascism and Ultranationalism. Monarchists were also supporters of the Nationalist faction and fought for the Nationalists, even alongside those with opposing views such as Falangists. Many of the Nationalists also felt that the Republican government, as well as the Far Left militias were too Anti-Clerical.
During the Spanish Civil War the Nationalists were more unified than the Republic. The Republic's allies were even more divided with the divide between the Anarchists and the rest of the Popular Front being the most noticable. This gave the Nationalists an advantage as while there were obvious differences between different Nationalist factions like the Carlists and the Falangists, this was mostly set aside.
UKball, Franceball, Nazi Germanyball Kingdom of Italyball and Soviet Unionball all tried to agree to stay out and leave the war to the Spanish but this did not happen. Especially not with Germant and Italy who continued to aid the Nationalists.
Because of how divided the Popular Front was, this caused infighting among the Republicans and their Communist and Anarchist allies who would also fight each other, basically creating a civil war within a civil war. The Nationalists on the other hand were united under the leadership of Fransisco Franco and the division among the Republicans and Popular Front helped the Nationalists.
The Spanish Civil War was also notorious for its persecution of Catholics within Spain, resulting in about 7,000 killed. As of now, about 1,900 have been beatified, with 2,000 more on the way.
- Francoist Spainball
- Second Spanish Republicball
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