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    Spanish Civil War was war between Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Second Spanish Republicball, the dominate government of Spain, and Francoist Spain-icon.png Francoist Spainball for control over Spain and the future of the country. The war occurred during the Interwar period, but it dragged in major powers such as Soviet-icon.png Soviet Unionball and Nazi-icon.png Nazi Germanyball among others and the war would be a foreshadow for things to come for the rest of Europe in World War II.

    History[edit | edit source]

    The Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Second Spanish Republic was established in 1931 in the aftermath of social unease and increased opposition to the monarchy from failed policies, support for liberal policies, and the failed war of attrition against Morocco-icon.png Moroccoball. The republic sought to create a modern, secular democratic republic for all of Spain, but the reforms were slow and slowed down even more as a result of the Great Depression. Right wingers got into power briefly, but they were defeated by the Popular Front, a coalition of leftist political parties and elements in Spain and these elements formed their own government known as Francoist Spain-icon.png Nationalist Spain and in 1936, the civil war began after an attempted coup by the Nationalists failed against the Republican government.

    The Republican faction varied from supporters of the Liberal Democracy in Spain to Anarchists and Communists who were opposed to it but hated Fascism more, uniting them with Liberals and moderates in their hatred of Fascism.

    The Nationalist faction was mostly composed of important army officers, landowners and many businessman, including Fascist-oriented parties like the Falange.

    In 1934, there was a widespread labor conflict and a bloody uprising by the miners in File:Asturiaball-icon.png Asturiaball, and it was suppressed by the Spainish troops led by General Fransico Franco. Then, following the election in Feburary 16, 1936, a series of governmental crisis had culminated, which brought to power a Popular Front government supported by the left-wing parties and was opposed by the right-wing parties and those who hold a neutral standpoint.

    A well planned military uprising began on July 17,1936, in garrison towns throughout Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Second Spanish Republic's clay. By July 21, the Nationalists had achieve total control over File:Spanish morocco-icon.png Spanish Moroccoball, File:Canary islandsball-icon.png Canary Islandsball, and most of the File:Balearic Islandsball-icon.png Balearic Islandsball, and the part of File:Spainball-icon.png Spainball north of the Guadarrama mountaind and the Ebro river, except for File:Asturiaball-icon.png Asturiaball, Basque-icon.png Basqueball, Santander-icon.png Santanderball, and Catalonia-icon.png Cataloniaball.

    The republican forces managed to put down the uprising in other areas, except for some of the larger cities in Andalusia-icon.png Andalusiaball, including Sevilla-icon.png Sevillaball, File:Granada-icon.png Granadaball, and Cordoba-icon.png Cordobaball.

    The Nationalists and the Republicans proceeded to organize their acquired territories and began to supress the opposing forces within. The Republican violence occured mostly in the early stages of the war before the rule of the law was restored in Repbulican controlled territories, but the Nationalists remains a "rule of terror" over their territories throughout the entire war.

    The leadership of the Nationalists was gradually assumed by General Franco, leading forces he had brought from Morocco-icon.png Moroccoball. On October 1, 1936, he was named the head of state of the Francoist Spain-icon.png Nationalist Spainball and set up a government in File:Burgos-icon.png Burgosball. In September 1936, the socialist leader Fransico Largo Caballero was named as the head of state of the Republican government. Then, in 1937, he was followed by another socialist leader, Juan Negrin, who remained premier through the rest of the civil war.

    Both the Nationalist and the Republicans, seeing themselves too weak to win a quick victory, began to seek help from abroad. Nazi Germany-icon.pngNazi Germanyball, Fascist Italy-icon.pngItalyball send their troops, tanks and planes to aid Francoist Spain-icon.png Nationalist Spainball. The Soviet Union-icon.png Soviet Unionball gave equipments and supplies to Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Republican Spainball, and France-icon.pngFranceball also supported the Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Repblicans, but faced internal opposition. In August 1936, France-icon.pngFranceball, UK-icon.pngUKball, Soviet-icon.png Soviet Unionball, Nazi-icon.png Nazi Germanyball and Fascist Italy-icon.png Italyball signed a nonintervention agreement, but was basically ignored by the Soviet-icon.png Soviets, Nazi-icon.png Germans , and Fascist Italy-icon.png Italians.

    By Novermber 1936, the Nationalists had adavnced intoMadrid-icon.png Madridball and placed it under siege, but the Nationalist forces weren't able to get beyond to University City area. In summer 1937, the Francoist Spain-icon.png Nationalists cpatured Basque-icon.png Basqueball and File:Asturia-icon.png Asturiaball, so that they had full control over the northern coast of Spain-icon.png Spainball by October. Then, in April 1938, the Francoist Spain-icon.png Nationalists reached the Mediterranean coast and split the Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Second Spanish Republicball's clay into two seperate small clays. In December 1938, they marched north into Catalonia-icon.png Cataloniaball, forcing the Second Spanish Republic-icon.png Republicans to move towards France-icon.png Franceball. By Feburary 1939, 250,000 Republican soliders and equal numbers of civillians fled into France-icon.png Franceball, and the Republican government flew to exile in France-icon.png Franceball on March 5. On March 7, a mini civil war has broken out between the Communism-icon.png communist and the anti-communist factions. On March 28,1939 all the Repulican forces surrendered and the Francoist Spain-icon.png Nationlists entered Madrid-icon.png Madrid, which signals the complete victory of Francoist Spain-icon.png Nationalist Spain.

    Combatants[edit | edit source]

    Nationalist Faction[edit | edit source]

    Supported by:

    Republican Faction[edit | edit source]

    Supported by:

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    War-Template-1.gif War-Template-1.gif ⚔ War, war never changes... ⚔ War-Template-2.gif War-Template-2.gif
    Ancient and Old Wars (4000 BCE-1870)
    Ancient/Classical (3000 BCE-500 CE) Trojan WarWars of Alexander the GreatPunic WarsSack of Rome
    Medieval (500 CE-1500) Early Muslim ConquestsNorman conquest of EnglandCrusadesMongol InvasionFall of ConstantinopleWar of the BucketHundred Years WarGenpei War
    Early modern (1500-1870) American Indian WarsThree Hundred and Thirty Five Years' WarSeven Years WarAmerican Revolutionary WarNapoleonic WarsUruguayan Civil WarWar of 1812Opium WarsAmerican Civil WarAustro-Prussian WarFrench intervention in MexicoTexas RevolutionMexican-American WarParaguayan War
    Contemporary (1870-2023)
    Pre-World War I Era (1870-1914) Franco-Prussian WarBoxer RebellionBoer WarsWar of the PacificThe Congo GenocideAnglo-Zanzibar WarSpanish-American WarRusso-Japanese War
    World Wars and the Interwar Period (1914-1945) World War IArmenian GenocideRussian RevolutionRussian Civil WarIrish War of IndependenceHolodomorChaco WarEmu WarSpanish Civil WarWinter WarTurkish War of IndependenceWorld War II
    Cold War (1945-1991) Indo-Pakistani WarsInternal conflict in MyanmarChinese Civil WarArab–Israeli conflictKorean WarCuban RevolutionTaiwan Strait CrisisXinjiang ConflictVietnam WarCuban Missile CrisisFootball WarSix-Day WarEthiopian Civil WarAngolan Civil WarThe TroublesKurdish-Turkish ConflictIran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflictWestern Sahara conflictSoviet-Afghan WarFalklands WarGulf War
    Post-Cold War (1991-2023) Yugoslav WarsFirst Congo WarSecond Congo WarAfghan WarWar on TerrorIraq WarBoko Haram insurgencyArab Spring (Syrian Civil War) • Crisis in VenezuelaWar in Iraq (2013-2017)War in DonbassYemeni Civil War (2015-present)Nicaragua Protests (2018-present)Tigray Military Intervention2020-2021 Belarusian protests2021 Russian Protests2021 Myanmar protests2021 Greek protests2020 Artsakh War2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
    1. Template:Cite web
    2. Thomas (1961). p. 491.
    3. The Nationalist Army
    4. Thomas (1961). p. 488.
    5. Template:Cite book
    6. Manuel Álvaro Dueñas, 2009, p. 126.

    Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "note", but no corresponding <references group="note"/> tag was found
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