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    Karelo-Finnish SSRball also called Soviet Karelia , was President-icon.png a republic of the Soviet-icon.png Soviet Unionball It existed from 1940 until it was made part of the Russian SFSR-icon.png Russian SFSRball in 1956 as the Russian SFSR-icon (division).png Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. The latter became the Karelia-icon.png Republic of Karelia, a federal subject of Russia-icon.png Russiaball, on 13 November 1991.

    History[edit | edit source]

    The Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic was established by the Soviet-icon.png Soviet government on 31 March 1940 by merging the Russian SFSR-icon (division).png Karelian ASSRball with the Finland-icon.png Finnish Democratic Republicball. The latter was created in territory ceded by Finland-icon.png Finlandball in the Winter War by the Moscow Peace Treaty, namely the Karelian Isthmus and Ladoga Karelia, including the cities of Viipuri and Sortavala.

    Virtually the entire Karelian population of the ceded areas, about 422,000 people, was evacuated to Finland-icon.png Finlandball, and the territories were settled by peoples from other parts of Soviet-icon.png the Soviet Unionball.

    Creating a new President-icon.png Republic of the Union for an ethnic group that neither was large in absolute terms, nor constituted anything close to a majority in its territory, nor had been a separate independent nation prior to its incorporation into the Soviet-icon.png USSR, was unprecedented in the history of the USSR. Some later historians believe that the elevation of Soviet Karelia from an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republicball (within the Russian SFSR-icon.png Russian SFSRball) to an SSR was a political move as a "convenient means for facilitating the possible incorporation of additional Finland-icon.png Finnish territory" (or, possibly, the whole of Finland-icon.png Finlandball) into the Soviet-icon.png USSRball.

    In 1941, Finland-icon.png Finlandball re-annexed the territory that it had lost in 1940 and occupied most of the Karelia-icon.png Karelian lands that had been within the Soviet-icon.png USSRball prior to 1940, including the capital Petrozavodsk-icon.png Petrozavodskball (Petroskoi). In 1944, the Soviet-icon.png Soviet Unionball recaptured the area. Soviet sovereignty was recognized by Finland-icon.png Finlandball in the Moscow Armistice and Paris Peace Treaty. The Finnish Karelia-icon.png Karelians have evacuated to Finland-icon.png Finlandball again.

    In September 1944, the Karelian Isthmus with Vyborg (Viipuri) was transferred from the Karelo-Finnish SSR to the Leningrad Oblast of the Russian SFSR-icon.png Russian SFSRball, but Ladoga Karelia remained a part of the republic.

    On 16 July 1956, the republic was incorporated into the Russian SFSR-icon.png Russian SFSR as the Russian SFSR-icon (division).png Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republicball. This move can perhaps be explained in the context of the general post-war improvement of Finno-Soviet relations, which also included such steps as the Soviets' return of the Porkkala Naval Base leased territory to full Finland-icon.png Finnish sovereignty (January 1956) and leasing Maly Vysotsky Island and the Soviet section of the Saimaa Canal (conquered by the USSR in 1940 and 1944) back to Finland-icon.png Finlandball (1963).

    The abolition of the Karelian SSR in 1956 was the only case in the history of the Soviet-icon.png USSRball (1922–1991) of merging a member republic of the USSRball into another republic. The state emblem of the Soviet Unionball had to be changed to reflect this, with one of the 16 ribbons symbolizing constituent republics removed. Soviet ruble money bearing the emblem was also changed accordingly.

    In the last days of the Soviet-icon.png USSRball, the Russian SFSR-icon (division).png Karelian ASSRball became the Republic of Karelia, a subdivision of the Russia-icon.png Russian Federationball, on 13 November 1991.

    Flag colors[edit | edit source]

    Color Name RGB CMYK HEX
    Rosso corsa 206, 0, 0 C0-M100-Y100-K19 #CE0000
    Dodger blue 47, 154, 255 C81-M39-Y0-K0 #2F9AFF
    Green 0, 154, 48 C100-M0-Y68-K39 #009A30
    Gold 255, 216, 0 C0-M15-Y100-K0 #FFD800

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    Finland-icon.png Perkele Bane of Soviets Republic of Darude Sandstorm Linux and Angry Birds Finland Finland-icon.png
    Regions Aland-icon.png ÅlandballCenteralFinland-icon.png Central FinlandballCenteralOstrobothnia-icon.png Central OstrobothniaballKainuu-icon.png KainuuballKymenlaakso-icon.png KymenlaaksoballLapland-icon.png LaplandballNorth Karelia-icon.png North KareliaballNorthern Ostrobothnia-icon.png Northern OstrobothniaballNorthern Savonia-icon.png Northern SavoniaballOstrobothnia-icon.png OstrobothniaballPäijät-Häme-icon.png Päijät-HämeballPirkanmaa-icon.png PirkanmaaballSatakunta-icon.png SatakuntaballSouth Karelia-icon.png South KareliaballSouthern Ostrobothnia-icon.png Southern OstrobothniaballSouthern Savonia-icon.png Southern SavoniaballSouthwest Finland-icon.png Southwest FinlandballTavastia Proper-icon.png Tavastia ProperballUusimaa-icon.png Uusimaaball
    Cities Helsinki-icon.png HelsinkiballMariehamn-icon.png MariehamnballFinland-icon.png PoriballFinland-icon.png TurkuballFinland-icon.png TampereballFinland-icon.png Savonlinnaball
    Former entities 2-icon.png Migrants from East (Prehistoric Europeans)Sami-icon.png SamiballSwedish Empire-icon.png Swedish EmpireballRussian-Empire-icon.png Russian Empireball (Grand Duchy of Finland-icon.png Grand Duchy of Finlandball) • Finland-icon.png Kingdom of FinlandballFinland-icon.png DR FinlandballRed-icon.png Finnish Socialist Workers' RepublicballRussian SFSR-icon.png Karelian ASSRballKarelo-Finnish SSR-icon.png Karelo-Finnish SSRball
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