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    Not to be confused with the Holocaust. Nazi.gif Fascism-icon.png Poland-icon.png Germany-icon.png Ukrainian SSR-icon.png Poland-icon.png LGBT-icon.png Gypsy-icon.png

    Holodomor also known as the Terror-Famine and sometimes referred to as the Great Famine, was a famine in Ukrainian SSR-icon.png Soviet Ukraine and in Kazakh ASSR-icon.png Kazakh ASSRbrick, from 1932 to 1933 that killed 2.4 to 12 million people, notably Ukranians. Kazakhs were also affected by the man-made famine.

    History

    The word Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомо́р, romanized: Holodomór) derived from морити голодом, moryty holodom, 'to kill by starvation'. It emphasises the intentional aspects such as rejection of outside aid, confiscation of all household foodstuffs and restriction of population movement. As part of the wider Soviet famine of 1932–33 which affected the major grain-producing areas of the country, millions of inhabitants of Ukraine, the majority of whom were ethnic Ukrainians, died of starvation in a peacetime catastrophe unprecedented in the history of Ukraine. Since 2006, the Holodomor has been recognized by Ukraine and 17 other countries as a genocide of the Ukrainian people carried out by the Soviet government.

    Early estimates of the death toll by scholars and Government officials varied greatly. According to higher estimates, up to 12 million ethnic Ukrainians were said to have perished as a result of the famine. A United Nations joint statement signed by 25 countries in 2003 declared that 7–10 million have been perished. Research has since narrowed the estimates to between 3.3 and 7.5 million. According to the findings of the Court of Appeal of Kyiv in 2010, the demographic losses due to the famine amounted to 10 million, with 3.9 million direct famine deaths, and a further 6.1 million birth deficits.

    Whether the Holodomor was genocide is still the subject of academic debate, as are the causes of the famine and intentionality of the deaths. Some scholars believe that the famine was planned by Joseph Stalin to eliminate a Ukrainian independence movement.

    Russia-icon.png Russia and other modern Soviet-icon.png far-left movements deny it, claiming it as "overexaggerated" and even "Nazi propaganda".

    Recognition

    Countryballs that recognize Holodomor as genocide

    Countryballs that recognize Holodomor as an act of terror

    Countryballs that deny the genocide

    Gallery


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