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Not to be confused with the Holocaust.
Holodomor also known as the Terror-Famine and sometimes referred to as the Great Famine, was a famine in Soviet Ukraine and in Kazakh ASSRbrick, from 1932 to 1933 that killed 2.4 to 12 million people, notably Ukranians. Kazakhs were also affected by the man-made famine.
The word Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомо́р, romanized: Holodomór) derived from морити голодом, moryty holodom, 'to kill by starvation'. It emphasises the intentional aspects such as rejection of outside aid, confiscation of all household foodstuffs and restriction of population movement. As part of the wider Soviet famine of 1932–33 which affected the major grain-producing areas of the country, millions of inhabitants of Ukraine, the majority of whom were ethnic Ukrainians, died of starvation in a peacetime catastrophe unprecedented in the history of Ukraine. Since 2006, the Holodomor has been recognized by Ukraine and 17 other countries as a genocide of the Ukrainian people carried out by the Soviet government.
Early estimates of the death toll by scholars and Government officials varied greatly. According to higher estimates, up to 12 million ethnic Ukrainians were said to have perished as a result of the famine. A United Nations joint statement signed by 25 countries in 2003 declared that 7–10 million have been perished. Research has since narrowed the estimates to between 3.3 and 7.5 million. According to the findings of the Court of Appeal of Kyiv in 2010, the demographic losses due to the famine amounted to 10 million, with 3.9 million direct famine deaths, and a further 6.1 million birth deficits.
Whether the Holodomor was genocide is still the subject of academic debate, as are the causes of the famine and intentionality of the deaths. Some scholars believe that the famine was planned by Joseph Stalin to eliminate a Ukrainian independence movement.
Countryballs that recognize Holodomor as genocide
- USAball (partial recognition, 11 states)
Countryballs that recognize Holodomor as an act of terror
Countryballs that deny the genocide
| Soviet Union - Lаnd оf |
|Principal republics||Armenian SSRball • Azerbaijan SSRball • Byelorussian SSRball • Georgian SSRball • Kazakh SSRbrick • Kirghiz SSRball • Russian SFSRball • Tajik SSRball • Turkmen SSRball • Ukrainian SSRball • Uzbek SSRball|
|Post-World War II|| Estonian SSRball • Latvian SSRball • Lithuanian SSRball • Moldavian SSRball • |
|Short-lived||Karelo-Finnish SSRball • Transcaucasian SFSRball|
|Not union republics||SSR Abkhaziaball • Bukharan PSRball • Khorezm SSRball • Pridnestrovian Moldavian SSRball|