Duchy of Clevesball

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The Duchy of Clevesball was a HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Imperial duchyball.

History[edit | edit source]

Duchy of Clevesball started back when it was a 2-icon.png 2ball, then they formed Germania-icon.png Germaniaball, then after the Romans collapsed, the Germans (Germanics) spread into Western Europe, then the Francia-icon.png Frankish Empireball came along, then forming the HRE-icon.png HREball.

Rise to power[edit | edit source]

King Luxembourg-icon (Belgium).png Sigismund of Germany raised Count Adolph I to the status of a duke and a Prince of the HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball in 1417. The File:Cleves-Mark-icon.png Cleves-Markball territories became one of the most significant estates of the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle in 1500, rivaled by the Bishopric of Münster-icon.png Prince-Bishopric of Münsterball.

When John III succeeded his father as Duke of Cleves in 1521, the states of County of Jülich-icon.png Jülichball, Duchy of Berg-icon.png Bergball, Duchy of Cleves-icon.png Clevesball, County of Mark-icon.png Markball and County of Ravensberg-icon.png Ravensbergball formed the Duchy of Jülich-Cleves-Berg-icon.png United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Bergball. His daughter Anne of Cleves (1515–1557) even became Queen Consort of England for a few months in 1540, as her brother William, duke since 1539, quarreled with Austrian Empire-icon.png Emperor Charles V over the possession of Duchy of Guelders-icon.png Gueldersball and sought support from Kingdom of England-icon.png King Henry VIII.

Decline[edit | edit source]

When the last duke of Duchy of Jülich-Cleves-Berg-icon.png Jülich-Cleves-Bergball died issueless in 1609, the War of the Jülich succession broke out and it was divided up. Duchy of Cleves-icon.png Clevesball was incorporated into the Margraviate of Brandenburg-icon.png Margraviate of Brandenburgball. It was occupied by New France-icon.png baguette forces during the Seven Years War, then France-icon.png French First Republicball during the French Revolutionary Wars Vivelaspin.gif and later Napoleonic-icon.png First French Empireball, parts of it went to Czech SR-icon.png Grand Duchy of Bergball.

It was finally re-annexed by Kingdom of Prussia-icon.png Kingdom of Prussiaball and some parts went to the Netherlands-icon.png United Kingdom of the Netherlandsball.