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    (Redirected from Crusades)

    The Crusades were the original kebab removals a series of religious wars spanning from the very end of the tenth century to the late 12th century.

    Backround[edit | edit source]

    First Crusade[edit | edit source]

    The First Crusade had its origins when the Byzantine-icon.png Byzantine Empireball asked the Western Christians for in the combat against Seljuk-icon.png Seljukball and Sultanate of Rum-icon.png Sultanate of Rumball, nevertheless, the Western Europe had plans that went ahead of just helping Byzantine-icon.png Byzantine Empireball, deciding to launch a holy war not only to face Seljuk-icon.png Seljukball in Anatolia but to conquer the entirety of the Levant, which would give economic, political, and religious advantages to Western Europe, that was suffering internally from poverty and other crisis effects dating back from a period of decentralization and fragmentation. This First Crusade was successful and managed to conquer the holy city of Jerusalem-icon.png Jerusalemcube and other territories in the Levant, however the Islamic empires would react later and a series of other conflicts would have begun.

    The aftermath of the First Crusade was a period of Western Christian expansion attempts after capturing Jerusalem-icon.png Jerusalemcube, and of reorganization to the Muslims. The Crusaders mainly expanded along the coast of modern-day Lebanon-icon.png Lebanonball, founding states such as the County of Tripoli-icon.png County of Tripoliball, but they failed to win over Seljuk-icon.png Seljukball in Syria-icon.png Syriaball, which allowed Muslim forces to counterattack. Abbasid-icon.png Zengidball obtained a series of victories against the Crusaders, managing to destroy the County of Edessa-icon.png County of Edessaball.

    Second Crusade[edit | edit source]

    The Second Crusade was the European Christian response to the overthrown of the County of Edessa-icon.png County of Edessaball by Abbasid-icon.png Zengidball during the Siege of Edessa. However, the crusade proved to be a complete failure for the European Christians, who failed to resurrect the County of Edessa-icon.png County of Edessaball and still lost more territories and battles to the Muslims forces in Anatolia, being the Byzantine-icon.png Byzantine Empireball forced to sign a truce with Seljuk-icon.png Seljukball. In the Iberian peninsula, however, the Crusaders obtained some victories in the long war that was the Reconquest.

    In the Middle East still, to further worsen the situation for the European Christians, the Crusaders and Byzantines' defeats placed Jerusalem-icon.png Jerusalemcube in an extremely vulnerable position, that would later make it an easy target for Sultan Saladin, who took control over Abbasid-icon.png Zengidball and founded Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball following the disintegration of Fatimid-icon.png Fatimidball and failed Crusader invasions of Egypt.

    Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball launched in the aftermath of the Crusade a campaign against the Crusader states of the Levant, which culminated in the destruction of Principality of Galileeball and the Lordship of Oultrejordainball, also in a considerable reduction of the territory of the Kingdom of Jerusalem-icon.png Kingdom of Jerusalemball. The bulk of the Crusader forces in the region were defeated during the Battle of Hattin, which its aftermath allowed the Muslims to retake Jerusalem-icon.png Jerusalemcube, following the Siege of Jerusalem (1187).

    Third Crusade[edit | edit source]

    The Third Crusade was the European response to the Muslim reconquest of the holy city of Jerusalemcube by Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball and weakening of the Crusader forces in the region. It was headed by Upper Normandy-icon.png Angevin Empireball under Richard the Lionheart. The main objective of the Crusade failed because the Crusaders were not able to recover Jerusalem-icon.png Jerusalemcube, however, the European Christians were able to restore the power of the remaining weakened Crusader states in the region and prevent them from falling to Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball.

    Fourth Crusade[edit | edit source]

    The Fourth Crusade was a crusade and invasion with the original purpose of invading Jerusalemcube, which was under the possession of Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball. After several events had occurred the Crusaders ended in sacking the capital of the Orthodox Christian-controlled Byzantine Empireball and Zadarball. After the Crusade it had resulted in the division of the Byzantine Empireball and the creation of the Latin Empireball.

    Fifth Crusade[edit | edit source]

    The Fifth Crusade was launched by the Papal States-icon.png Papal Statesball in order to take Egyptball, where Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball was based in. However, the Crusade's objective failed, first the Crusaders refused to negotiate terms with Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball, then when they attacked Egyptian cities, after being for a while in the advantage, they ended up suffering one massive defeat that forced them to surrender. An agreement was made, so the Crusaders could be withdrawn from Egyptball alive, an eight-year truce was also signed on account of the defeat. The emperor Frederick II of the HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball ended up excommunicated by the Papal States-icon.png Papal Statesball for not having sent reinforcements.

    Sixth Crusade[edit | edit source]

    The Sixth Crusade was launched by the HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball, which claimed its rights over Cyprusball and Jerusalemcube, but had no support from Papal States-icon.png Papal Statesball, as it was still angry with HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball since the last Crusade, in which Papal States-icon.png Papal Statesball blamed HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball for its failure. Papal States-icon.png Papal Statesball then began to attack the lands of HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball. The European Christians would not gain anything militarily, Emperor Frederick || of HRE-icon.png Holy Roman Empireball gained popularity with Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball and the entire of the Islamic world as well for strengthening discourse with them, which caused Jerusalemcube to return to Christian command through diplomatic agreements, in return the Muslims would be tolerated and have their freedom of worship guaranteed in the holy city.

    However, this agreement didn't please Papal States-icon.png Papal Statesball that excommunicated Frederick again. Which had effects in the leadership of Kingdom of Jerusalem-icon.png Kingdom of Jerusalemball, that returned with the enmity between Crusaders and Muslims. Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball then invited the remnants of Khwarazmian dynasty-icon.png Khwarazmianball, that had been defeated by Mongol Empire-icon.png Mongol Empireball, to retake Jerusalemcube. After a siege, the holy city returned to Muslim control in 1244.

    Kingdom of Jerusalem-icon.png Kingdom of Jerusalemball would try to fight back against Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball and their allied Khwarazmian dynasty-icon.png Khwarazmianball by calling Templar Order-icon.png Templar Orderball and Hospitaller-icon.png Hospitaller Orderball to war. The hustle led to the Battle of La Forbie, where the Crusaders were ultimately defeated by the joint Ayyubid-Khwarazmian forces. This would led Papal States-icon.png Papal Statesball to call for a new Crusade.

    Seventh Crusade[edit | edit source]

    The Seventh Crusade was launched by the Kingdom of France-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball, being motivated by Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball and Khwarazmian dynasty-icon.png Khwarazmianball reclaiming the holy city of Jerusalemcube and defeating Crusader forces in Gazaball. Kingdom of France-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball took advantage of Mongol Empire-icon.png Mongol Empireball inflicting several damages on the Eastern Muslims to attack. The target of the Crusader's attacks was Egyptball, which would serve as the basis for the conquest of the whole Levant. The Crusade was going well until when they tried to take Cairoball, a flood of the Nile resulted in many casualties to the Crusader forces, which were followed by a series of Crusader defeats and Ayyubid-icon.png Ayyubidball victories. After the Crusaders of Kingdom of France-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball suffered several casualties, with Kingdom of France-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball king being captured and made prisoner along with many others, a high quantity of money was demanded to be paid so he and other Crusader prisoners could be released. The release was then paid, but the war had already been lost, as well as everything they had conquered in Egyptball.

    Eighth Crusade[edit | edit source]

    The Eighth Crusade was another Crusade launched by the Kingdom of France-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball that as well as the previous one, ended up in a complete failure. Kingdom of France-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball intended to convert Sultanate of Tunis-icon.png Hafsidball Sultan and followers to Christianity, then Sultanate of Tunis-icon.png Hafsidball said they didn't want them there and prepared themselves for war. When Kingdom of France-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball arrived in Tunisia-icon.png Tunisiaball, the battles didn't even begin and the army of Kingdom of France-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball was devastated by a plague that took over the region, among the many who died, the Kingdom of France-icon.png Kingdom of Franceball king and his sons were among the casualties. The Crusaders were then forced to left the region. Meanwhile, trade with Tunis-icon.png Tunisball was opened.

    Ninth Crusade[edit | edit source]

    The Ninth Crusade was launched by the Crusaders to try to contain Mamluk-icon.png Mamlukball advances. After defeating the Ilkhanate-icon.png Ilkhanateball of the Mongol Empire-icon.png Mongol Empireball at the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, Mamluk-icon.png Mamlukball focused all of its forces on fighting the Crusader states of the region. Mamluk-icon.png Mamlukball was really putting a lot of effort into the anti-Crusader struggle, they had considerably reduced the territory of Kingdom of Jerusalemball, massacred Templar Order-icon.png Templar Orderball in Safed, and after a siege, had the Principality of Antioch-icon.png Principality of Antiochball destroyed in 1268. Kingdom of England-icon.png Kingdom of Englandball was the one commanding the Crusade against Mamluk-icon.png Mamlukball, but after many battles and clashes that achieved limited victories, Kingdom of England-icon.png Kingdom of Englandball realized it was only wasting time, and so a ten-year truce between Mamluk-icon.png Mamlukball and the Crusaders were signed.

    Nevertheless, Mamluk-icon.png Mamlukball would continue advancing and taking Crusaders territories in the following years, which would result in the fall of all of the remaining Crusader states of the Levant. The County of Tripoli-icon.png County of Tripoliball fell in siege in 1289, and the Kingdom of Jerusalem-icon.png Kingdom of Jerusalemball in 1291 respectively after the Siege of Acre.

    Gallery[edit | edit source]

    War-Template-1.gif War-Template-1.gif ⚔ War, war never changes... ⚔ War-Template-2.gif War-Template-2.gif
    Ancient and Old Wars (4000 BCE-1870)
    Ancient/Classical (3000 BCE-500 CE) Trojan WarWars of Alexander the GreatPunic WarsSack of RomeThree Kingdoms Period
    Medieval (500 CE-1500) Early Muslim ConquestsNorman conquest of EnglandCrusadesMongol InvasionFall of ConstantinopleWar of the BucketHundred Years WarGenpei War
    Early modern (1500-1870) American Indian WarsThree Hundred and Thirty Five Years' WarSeven Years WarAmerican Revolutionary WarNapoleonic WarsUruguayan Civil WarWar of 1812Opium WarsAmerican Civil WarAustro-Prussian WarFrench intervention in MexicoTexas RevolutionMexican-American WarParaguayan War
    Contemporary (1870-2023)
    Pre-World War I Era (1870-1914) Franco-Prussian WarBoxer RebellionBoer WarsWar of the PacificThe Congo GenocideAnglo-Zanzibar WarSpanish-American WarRusso-Japanese War
    World Wars and the Interwar Period (1914-1945) World War IArmenian GenocideRussian RevolutionRussian Civil WarIrish War of IndependenceChaco WarEmu WarSpanish Civil WarWinter WarTurkish War of IndependenceWorld War II
    Cold War (1945-1991) Indo-Pakistani WarsInternal conflict in MyanmarChinese Civil WarArab–Israeli conflictKorean WarCuban RevolutionTaiwan Strait CrisisXinjiang ConflictVietnam WarCuban Missile CrisisFootball WarSix-Day WarEthiopian Civil WarAngolan Civil WarThe TroublesKurdish-Turkish ConflictIran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflictWestern Sahara conflictSoviet-Afghan WarFalklands WarGulf War
    Post-Cold War (1991-2023) Yugoslav WarsFirst Congo WarSecond Congo WarAfghan WarWar on TerrorIraq WarBoko Haram insurgencyArab Spring (Syrian Civil War) • Crisis in VenezuelaWar in Iraq (2013-2017)War in DonbassYemeni Civil War (2015-present)Nicaragua Protests (2018-present)Tigray Military Intervention2020-2021 Belarusian protests2021 Russian Protests2021 Myanmar protests2021 Greek protests2020 Artsakh War2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
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